Detalle Publicación


Intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis associated with multiple myeloma

Título de la revista: NEUROLOGY
ISSN: 0028-3878
Volumen: 80
Número: 17
Páginas: 1620
Fecha de publicación: 2013
A 77-year-old woman with multiple myeloma for 5 years presented with obtundation, drowsiness, and disorientation over 15 days. Complete blood count revealed thrombocytopenia (25,000/µL). A brain CT disclosed multiple extraaxial hyperdense foci without bone destruction. Differential diagnosis included tumors (meningiomas, leukemia), subdural hematomas, and intracranial hemorrhages; the lesion's multiplicity and morphology were consistent with intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis (IEH) (figure). Despite platelet transfusions, she died 2 days later of alveolar hemorrhage. Autopsy confirmed IEH and excluded erythropoiesis, reported in subdural hematomas. The formation of blood cells outside the bone marrow is usually related to anemia or lymphoproliferative disorders and is uncommon in multiple myeloma.(1) IEH can cause seizures, hydrocephalus, or cognitive changes.(2.)