Targeting receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) degradation may be an interesting approach to reduce RTK cell signaling in cancer cells. Here we show that increasing E3 ubiquitin ligase casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) expression using lentiviral infection decreased osteosarcoma cell replication and survival and reduced cell migration and invasion in murine and human osteosarcoma cells. Conversely, c-Cbl inhibition using short hairpin RNA (shRNA) increased osteosarcoma cell growth and survival, as well as invasion and migration, indicating that c-Cbl plays a critical role as a bone tumor suppressor. Importantly, the anticancer effect of increasing c-Cbl expression in osteosarcoma cells was related mainly to the downregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRa). In a murine bone tumor model, increasing c-Cbl expression also reduced RTK expression, resulting in decreased tumor cell proliferation and survival and reduced tumor growth. Interestingly, increasing c-Cbl also markedly reduced lung metastasis in mice. Tissue microarray analysis revealed that low c-Cbl protein expression is associated with elevated EGFR and PDGFRa protein levels in human osteosarcoma with poor outcome. This study shows that increasing c-Cbl expression reduces osteosarcoma cell growth, survival, and metastasis in part through downregulation of RTKs, which supports the potential therapeutic interest of targeting c-Cbl in malignant bone diseases involving increased RTK.