Identification of nutritypes, nutriscopes and nutrindices
The specific objective of this endeavour is to establish the relationship on the onset of obesity and related diseases, of different individual aspects, including omic factors (nutrigenomics, metabolomics, etc.) as well as phenotypic factors (biochemical, anthropometrical, etc.), and psychosocial and behavioural factors (lifestyles, dietary and physical activity patterns, cultural and/or religious habits, adherence to prescribed recommendations, etc.).
Expected results: To develop algorithms and decision trees that allow predicting the risk of disease incidence, as well as the ability of the individual to adhere to the nutritional advice given, or to a specific treatment.
Applications: It may be part of a software created to diagnose and treat people in the pharmacy, or the dietitian practice.
Further investigate on satiety, portion size and eating behavior
To advance our understanding of the behavioural determinants that lead to excess energy intake in humans, with a particular focus on the development of new behavioural strategies for the treatment and management of obesity, including portion size, satiety awareness and meal eating behaviour.
Specifically, we are looking at how portion control and eating speed modulation may help to extend and maximize the impact of traditional therapies to help people achieve life-long, sustainable changes in their lifestyle.
Expected results: To identify the physiological, sensory and cognitive mechanisms related to excessive energy intake, in particular the gut-brain (intestinal response) and the brain-gut axis (cephalic response related with sensory stimulation) in the context of obesity.
Applications: The final application would be new dietetic tools and emerging technology to manage satiety, portion size and eating rate in the overweight/obese patient, as a means to enhance self-management of their condition.
Develop studies on different populations & cohorts
To collect information related to phenotype, dietary habits and socioeconomic aspects of the different cohorts, for enhancing the precision of treatments and advices. In this sense, nowadays we have children, senior populations and average adults, either at risk of obesity or already with obesity and related diseases.