Detalle Publicación


Joint population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model for the heart rate effects at rest and at the end of exercise of cilobradine

Autores: Vélez de Mendizábal Castillo, María De las Nieves; Staab, A.; Schäfer, H. G.; Trommeshauser, D.; Döge, C.; Klüglich, M.; Roberts, J.; Fernández de Trocóniz Fernández, José Ignacio
ISSN: 0724-8741
Volumen: 30
Número: 4
Páginas: 1110 - 1122
Fecha de publicación: 2013
To develop a semi-mechanistic population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PKPD) model for the selective bradycardic agent cilobradine describing simultaneously the heart rate (HR) measured at rest and just after the end of exercise sharing the same set of PKPD parameters. Healthy subjects received cilobradine orally once daily over 2 weeks at 0.25-5 mg doses or placebo. Plasma drug concentrations and HR were measured at rest and following 3 min of exercise over the entire study period. PK and HR data were analyzed using the population approach with NONMEM VII. Plasma disposition of cilobradine was described with a three compartment model. Cilobradine showed dose proportional and time independent pharmacokinetics. HR response was drug concentration dependent and appeared with a significant delay with respect to PK profiles, a phenomenon modeled using two transit compartments. Perturbation in HR at rest as a consequence of exercise was described assuming that physiological processes controlling cardiac frequency were constantly increased over the period of exercise only. The selected model provides a useful modeling tool for cases where the PD response measured is the result of a temporal experimental induced perturbation.