Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Downward wage rigidity and business cycle asymmetries
Autores: Abbritti, Mirko; Fahr, Stephan
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS
ISSN: 0304-3932
Volumen: 60
Número: 7
Páginas: 871 - 886
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Resumen:
The growth rates of wages, unemployment and output of a number of OECD countries have a strongly skewed distribution. In this paper we analyze to what extent downward wage rigidities can explain these empirical business cycle asymmetries. To this aim, we introduce asymmetric wage adjustment costs in a New-Keynesian DSGE model with search and matching frictions in the labor market. Increasing wages is less costly than cutting them. It follows that wages increase relatively fast and thus limit vacancy posting and employment creation, but they decline more slowly, leading to a strong reduction in vacancies and employment. The presence of downward wage rigidities strongly improves the fit of the model to the observed skewness of labor market variables and the relative length of expansions and contractions in the output and the employment cycles. The asymmetry also explains the differing transmission of positive and negative monetary policy shocks from wages to inflation