Patient simulation-based learning in pharmaceutical care subject provided to fourth-year pharmacy students in Spain
Background: The impact of simulation on pharmacy students has been demonstrated in pharmacy education. However, in Spain, to date, there have been no published studies
that offer evidence of the utilization of this methodology in pharmacy education.
Objective: Patient simulation teaching was introduced to «Pharmaceutical care» subject. Specific objectives of the present work were to present case scenarios to pharmacy students in order to enhance their classroom learning with an opportunity to practice communication skills and apply knowledge in a safe setting and evaluate its impact on students¿ satisfaction.
Results: 58 students responded to the questionnaire (83% response rate). Students indicated high levels of satisfaction with the experience. Overall students expressed that the methodology was novel in its formation (98.3%). The methodology favoured the transfer of knowledge into practice (94.8%). The practice helped them to recognize the difficulties for efficient communication (91.4%). Students confirmed the need for this practice with patients in the pharmacy curriculum (93.1%). Besides, a survey instrument was administered to fifth-year students during their advanced Pharmacy Practice experience (aPPe). These students underwent patient simulation teaching during the previous for- mation year. Student¿s responses confirmed that pharmacy practice simulation training made them aware of the preparation that is needed to take care of pa- tients.
Conclusion: Simulated-patient training facilitates the learning outcomes needed to practice pharmaceutical care.