To compare the intraocular pressures (IOPs) obtained with the IOPen rebound tonometer, Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) and the ocular response analyzer (ORA) and investigate the effects of corneal biomechanical properties on IOPen measurements.
A total of 198 normal eyes were included in this cross-sectional and randomized study. Three measurements were taken using IOPen. Agreement between tonometers was calculated using the Bland and Altman limits of agreement (LoA) analysis.
The median IOPen IOP was 3¿mm¿Hg below the GAT (P<0.001), 3¿mm¿Hg below the ORA IOP similar to Goldmann (IOPg), and 3¿mm¿Hg below the ORA IOP corrected using corneal parameters (IOPcc)(P<0.01). The LoA width between the IOPen and GAT IOPs varied between 13.92 (mean IOPen IOP) and 15.99¿mm¿Hg (third IOPen measurement). The central corneal thickness (CCT) was unrelated to IOPen measurements (P>0.05). Corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal rigidity factor (CRF) were correlated with IOPen and GAT.
IOPen underestimated the IOP compared with GAT and ORA. The effect of measurement quality or measurement order on IOPen was low. CCT did not affect the IOPen, but the CH and CRF did. The LoA width between the IOPen and GAT IOPs was higher than between the ORA IOPg or ORA IOPcc and GAT IOPs.