Single cell force spectroscopy (SCFS) enables data on interaction forces to be acquired during the very early adhesion phase. However, SCFS detachment forces and energies have not been compared so far with the forces and energies after maturation of the cell-material contact on a single cell level and with comparable time resolution. We used FluidFM (R) to physically attach single cells to the cantilever by aspiration through a microfluidic channel, in order to achieve the higher forces required for detaching maturely adhering cells. Combining these two approaches allowed us to compare cell adhesion in the initial and maturation phases of adhesion for two exemplary cell-substrate combinations - L929 fibroblasts on fibronectin and MC3T3 osteoblasts on collagen type I. Uncoated glass substrates were used as a reference. For both cell lines, SCFS measurements after contact times of 5, 15 and 30 s revealed significantly higher maximum detachment forces (MDFs) and energies on glass compared to the protein-coated surfaces in the 0.5-4 nN (1-40 fJ) range. FluidFM (R) measurements after 1, 2 and 3 days of culture revealed a significant absolute increase in the MDFs and detachment energies for both cell lines on protein-coated substrates to values of about 600 nN and 10 pJ. On glass, the MDFs were similar for MC3T3 cells, while they were significantly lower for L929 cells. For both cell types, the differences in detachment energy were significant. These differences underline the importance of investigating early and mature adhesion states to obtain a holistic assessment of the cell-material interactions.