Detalle Publicación


Plasma acylcarnitines and risk of incident heart failure and atrial fibrillation: the Prevencion con dieta mediterranea study

Autores: Ruiz-Canela, Miguel (Autor de correspondencia); Guasch-Ferre, M.; Razquin Burillo, Cristina; Toledo Atucha, Estefanía; Hernández-Alonso, P.; Clish, C. B.; Li, J.; Wittenbecher, C.; Dennis, C.; Alonso-Gómez, A.; Almanza-Aguilera, E.; Liang, L. M.; Corella, D.; Gómez-Gracía, E.; Estruch, R.; Fiol, M.; Lapetra, J.; Serra-Majem, L.; Ros, E.; Aros, F.; Salas-Salvado, J.; Hu, F. B.; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel
ISSN: 1885-5857
Volumen: 75
Número: 8
Páginas: 649 - 658
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Introduction and objectives: Fatty acid metabolic dysregulation in mitochondria is a common mechanism involved in the development of heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the association between plasma acylcarnitine levels and the incidence of HF or AF, and whether the mediterranean diet (MedDiet) may attenuate the association between acylcarnitines and HF or AF risk. Methods: Two case-control studies nested within the Prevencion con dieta mediterranea (PREDIMED) trial. High cardiovascular risk participants were recruited in Spain: 326 incident HF and 509 AF cases individually matched to 1 to 3 controls. Plasma acylcarnitines were measured with high-throughput liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Conditional logistic regression models were fitted to estimate multivariable OR and 95%CI. Additive and multiplicative interactions were assessed by intervention group, obesity (body mass index >= 30 kg/m(2)), and type 2 diabetes. Results: Elevated levels of medium- and long-chain acylcarnitines were associated with increased HF risk (adjusted ORper DE, 1.28; 95%CI, 1.09-1.51 and adjusted ORper DE, 1.21; 95%CI, 1.04-1.42, respectively). A significant association was observed for AF risk with long-chain acylcarnitines: 1.20 (1.06-1.36). Additive interaction of the association between long-chain acylcarnitines and AF by the MediDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (P for additive interaction = .036) and by obesity (P = .022) was observed in an inverse and direct manner, respectively. Conclusions: Among individuals at high cardiovascular risk, elevated long-chain acylcarnitines were associated with a higher risk of incident HF and AF. An intervention with MedDiet + extra-virgin olive oil may reduce AF risk associated with long-chain acylcarnitines.