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A scalable control strategy for CHB converters in photovoltaic applications

Autores: Pérez Mayo, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Galarza Rodríguez, Ainhoa; López Barriuso, A.; Vadillo Landajuela, Javier
Título de la revista: ENERGIES
ISSN: 1996-1073
Volumen: 15
Número: 1
Páginas: 208
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Renewable energy sources are becoming more relevant in recent decades in power generation, leading to investment in developing efficient systems. Specifically, in photovoltaic energy, modular converters are attracting interest since their characteristics enable them to work at high voltage and optimize the generated energy. However, the control strategies found the literature limit the scalability potential of modular converters. The main aim of this paper is to propose a scalable control strategy for a grid-tied CHB (Cascaded H-Bridge) converter for large-scale photovoltaic power plants. The control proposed is able to take full advantage of converter scalability and modularity, being based on the parameters needed for bipolar sinusoidal PWM (Pulse Width Modulation), and thus reducing the calculus required and simplifying its implementation. Power imbalances are overcome including the zero-sequence vector injection to allow power exchange between phases. Furthermore, the parameter used for power factor control has been discretized and discretization time analysis shows that the control strategy is stable and does not require a high-speed communication channel. For validation purposes, simulations are conducted on a downsized 12 H-bridge model.