Detalle Publicación


Gene supplementation of CYP27A1 in the liver restores bile acid metabolism in a mouse model of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis

ISSN: 2329-0501
Volumen: 22
Páginas: 210 - 221
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the CYP27A1 gene, encoding the sterol 27-hydroxylase. Disruption of the bile acid biosynthesis pathway and accumulation of toxic precursors such as cholestanol cause chronic diarrhea, bilateral juvenile cataracts, tissue deposition of cholestanol and cholesterol (xanthomas), and progressive motor/neuropsychiatric alterations. We have evaluated the therapeutic potential of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors expressing CYP27A1 in a CTX mouse model. We found that a vector equipped with a strong liverspecific promoter (albumin enhancer fused with the a1 antitrypsin promoter) is well tolerated and shows therapeutic effect at relatively low doses (1.5 x 10(12) viral genomes [vg]/kg), when less than 20% of hepatocytes overexpress the transgene. This vector restored bile acid metabolism and normalized the concentration of most bile acids in plasma. By contrast, standard treatment (oral chenodeoxycholic acid [CDCA]), while reducing cholestanol, did not normalize bile acid composition in plasma and resulted in supra-physiological levels of CDCA and its derivatives. At the transcriptional level, only the vector was able to avoid the induction of xenobiotic-induced pathways in mouse liver. In conclusion, the overexpression of CYP27A1 in a fraction of hepatocytes using AAV vectors is well tolerated and provides full metabolic restoration in Cyp27a1(-/-) mice. These features make gene therapy a feasible option for the etiological treatment of CTX patients.