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MYO1F regulates IgE and MRGPRX2-dependent mast cell exocytosis

Autores: Navines-Ferrer, A.; Ainsua-Enrich, E.; Serrano-Candelas, E.; Proaño-Pérez, E.; Muñoz-Cano, R.; Gastaminza Lasarte, Gabriel; Olivera, A.; Martín, M. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY
ISSN: 0022-1767
Volumen: 206
Número: 10
Páginas: 2277 - 2289
Fecha de publicación: 2021
The activation and degranulation of mast cells is critical in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation and modulation of inflammation. Recently, we demonstrated that the unconventional long-tailed myosin, MYO1F, localizes with cortical F-actin and mediates adhesion and migration of mast cells. In this study, we show that knockdown of MYO1F by short hairpin RNA reduces human mast cell degranulation induced by both IgE crosslinking and by stimulation of the Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor X2 (MRGPRX2), which has been associated with allergic and pseudoallergic drug reactions, respectively. Defective degranulation was accompanied by a reduced reassembly of the cortical actin ring after activation but reversed by inhibition of actin polymerization. Our data show that MYO1F is required for full Cdc42 GTPase activation, a critical step in exocytosis. Furthermore, MYO1F knockdown resulted in less granule localization in the cell membrane and fewer fissioned mitochondria along with deficient mitochondria translocation to exocytic sites. Consistent with that, AKT and DRP1 phosphorylation are diminished in MYO1F knockdown cells. Altogether, our data point to MYO1F as an important regulator of mast cell degranulation by contributing to the dynamics of the cortical actin ring and the distribution of both the secretory granules and mitochondria.