Detalle Publicación

Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from Different Countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study

Autores: Ruiz-Roso, M. B. (Autor de correspondencia); Padilha, P. D. (Autor de correspondencia); Matilla-Escalante, D. C.; Brun, P.; Ulloa, N.; Acevedo-Correa, D.; Peres, W. A. F.; Martorell, M.; Carrilho, T. R. B.; Cardoso, L. D. ; Carrasco-Marin, F.; Paternina-Sierra, K.; de las Hazas, M. C. L. ; Rodriguez-Meza, J. E.; Villalba-Montero, L. F. ; Bernabe, G. ; Pauletto, A.; Taci, X.; Carcamo-Regla, R. ; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; Davalos, A. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: NUTRIENTS
ISSN: 2072-6643
Volumen: 12
Número: 8
Páginas: 2289
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Aim: to describe physical activity and ultra-processed foods consumption, their changes and sociodemographic predictors among adolescents from countries in Europe (Italy and Spain) and Latin America (Brazil, Chile, and Colombia) during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic period. Methods: Cross-sectional study via web survey. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and weekly ultra-processed food consumption data were used. To compare the frequencies of physical activity status with sociodemographic variables, a multinomial logistic and a multiple logistic regression for habitual ultra-processed foods was performed. In final models,p< 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Sample of 726 adolescents, mostly females (59.6%) aged 16-19 years old (54.3%). Adolescents from Latin America presented odds ratio (OR) 2.98 (CI 95% 1.80-4.94) of being inactive and those whose mothers had higher level of education were less active during lockdown [OR 0.40 (CI 95% 0.20-0.84)]. The habitual ultra-processed consumption was also high during this period in all countries, and more prevalent in Latin America. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of inactivity was observed in this population, but reductions of physical activity and habitual ultra-processed consumption during the pandemic were more pronounced in Latin America. Our findings reinforce the importance of promoting a healthy lifestyle, i.e., exercise and diet, during periods of social isolation.