Detalle Publicación

Nevus anemicus: A distinctive cutaneous finding in neurofibromatosis type 1

Autores: Hernández Martín, A. (Autor de correspondencia); García Martinez, Francisco Javier; Duat, A.; López-Martín, I.; Noguera-Morel, L.; Torrelo Fernández, A.
Título de la revista: PEDIATRIC DERMATOLOGY
ISSN: 0736-8046
Volumen: 32
Número: 3
Páginas: 342 - 347
Fecha de publicación: 2015
Nevus anemicus (NA) is a cutaneous anomaly characterized by pale, well-defined patches with limited vascularization after rubbing. They are largely known to be associated with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) and have received little attention in the literature until recently. We sought to characterize the prevalence and clinical features of patients with NA and NF1. We conducted an observational prospective study of 99 children with NF1 at the Hospital Nino Jesus, Madrid, Spain, from January 1, 2012, through July 31, 2013, and reviewed three other series of patients with NF1 and NA recently reported. The prevalence of NA in children with NF1 ranged from 8.8% to 51%, being much more prevalent at younger ages. Prospective studies yielded a higher prevalence than retrospective studies. NA was located most commonly on the trunk, particularly on the anterior chest wall, and was often multiple. Patients with segmental NF1 or isolated cafe au lait spots rarely had NA, and NA was absent in other genodermatoses. The collection of data was not homogeneous in all studies. NA has a high prevalence in individuals with NF1 patients but seems to be absent in connection with other genodermatoses, therefore its presence can assist in the diagnosis of suspected cases of NF1. The subtle clinical appearance of NA makes its detection difficult, and physicians involved in the care of children with NF1 must be aware of its possible presence and significance.