Detalle Publicación


Fluid and total water intake in a senior mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk: demographic and lifestyle determinants in the PREDIMED-Plus study

Autores: Paz-Graniel, I.; Babio, N. (Autor de correspondencia); Serra-Majem, L.; Vioque, J.; Zomeno, M. D.; Corella, D.; Díaz López, A.; Pinto, X.; Bueno-Cavanillas, A.; Tur, J. A.; Daimiel, L.; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; Becerra-Tomás, N.; Navarrete-Muñoz, E. M.; Schröder, H.; Fernández-Carrión, R.; Ortiz-Andrellucchi, A.; Corbella, E.; Riquelme-Gallego, B. ; Gallardo-Alfaro, L.; Mico, V.; Zulet Alzórriz, María de los Ángeles; Barrubés, L.; Fito, M.; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; Salas-Salvado, J. (Autor de correspondencia)
ISSN: 1436-6207
Volumen: 59
Número: 4
Páginas: 1595 - 1606
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Purpose We aimed to evaluate associations between compliance with recommendations for total water intake (TWI) and total water intake from fluids (TWIF), and some socio-demographic and lifestyle factors of a senior Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. Methods Cross-sectional analysis with data of 1902 participants from the PREDIMED-Plus study. A validated 32-item Spanish fluid-intake questionnaire was used to assess beverage consumption and water intake. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) for complying with European Food Safety Agency recommendations for TWI and TWIF according to various socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, and for the joint associations of Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) adherence and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Results The mean total volume of fluid intake in the population studied was 1934 +/- 617 mL/day. Water was the most frequently consumed beverage. Significant differences between sex were only observed in alcoholic and hot beverage consumption. Compliance with TWIF was associated with being women (OR 3.02; 2.40, 3.80), high adherence to MedDiet (OR 1.07; 1.02, 1.12), and participants who were more engaged in physical activity (PA) (OR 1.07; 1.02, 1.13). Age was inversely associated (OR 0.96; 0.94, 0.98). Similar results for TWI recommendations compliance were observed in relation to being women (OR 5.34; 3.85, 7.42), adherence to MedDiet (OR 1.16; 1.02, 1.31) and PA (OR 1.07; 1.00, 1.15). The joint association of PA and MedDiet, showed that participants with higher adherence to MedDiet and meeting WHO recommendations for MVPA complied better with the TWI recommendations (OR 1.66; 1.19, 2.32). Conclusions High compliance with recommendations for TWI was associated with being a woman, and a healthy lifestyle characterized by high adherence to the MedDiet and PA.