Detalle Publicación


A debate on Spain's regions in Franco's times: the Spanish federal council of the European movement through Salvador de Madariaga's correspondence

Título de la revista: HISTORY OF EUROPEAN IDEAS
ISSN: 0191-6599
Volumen: 45
Número: 6
Páginas: 901 - 915
Fecha de publicación: 2019
The Spanish Federal Council of the European Movement (SFCEM), founded as a Spanish organization to favour the integration of Spain in Europe, was composed of representatives of various political organizations of the Republican government in exile. Correspondence between the President, Salvador de Madariaga, and the members of the Basque and Catalonian delegations discloses one of the most critical issues of the time: how to organize the Spanish regions after the fall of Franco's regime. This article explores how the ideas of a Spanish federation - defended by Madariaga - and the interest of the nationalist groups collided during the decades of 1950s and 1960s. The result was a harsh debate on separatism between the Basques and Catalans, who saw Franco's Spain as the representation of centralism and repression of their identities, and other Spanish exiles.