Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to analyze gaps and trends, as well suggest approaches andmethodologies that should be addressed by future studies for implementing the lean and green managementin the agri-food sector.
Design/methodology/approach-Based on a sample with 117 papers, this paper presents a systematicreview on the integration of lean and green in the agri-food sector.
Findings-Key findings indicate that research on lean and greentopics has increased in recent years, an importantgapintheintegrationofleanandgreenintheagri-foodsector has been identified. Two paths that remain open forfurther research are detected: the lack of theoretical, prescriptive and quantitative research and the possibility ofintegrating the two most used tools of lean (i.e. value stream mapping) and green (i.e. life-cycle assessment).
Practical implications-This study does not only advance the theoretical knowledge of the lean and greenfield, but it is also beneficial for agri-food companies who aim to effectively deploy lean and green in theirprocesses in order to improve both operational and environmental performances.
Social implications-No other industry matches in such a complete way the agri-food industry¿s challengeof sustainability that is due to the amount of resources it consumes and its interrelatedness with thewell-being of humanity.
Originality/value-There are separate streams of established research on lean and green management inthe agri-food sector,