Detalle Publicación


Defective HNF4alpha-dependent gene expression as a driver of hepatocellular failure in alcoholic hepatitis

Autores: Argemí Ballbé, José María; Latasa Sada, María Ujué; Atkinson, S. R.; Blokhin, I. O.; Massey, V. ; Gue, J. P. ; Cabezas, J.; Lozano, J. J.; Van Booven, D.; Bell, A.; Cao, S. ; Vernetti, L. A.; Arab, J. P. ; Ventura-Cots, M.; Edmunds, L. R. ; Fondevilla, C. ; Starkel, P. ; Dubuquoy, L.; Louvet, A. ; Odena, G. ; Gomez, J. L.; Aragón Amonarriz, Tomás; Altamirano, J.; Caballeria, J.; Jurczak, M. J.; Taylor, D. L.; Berasain Lasarte, María del Carmen; Wahlestedt, C.; Mongv, S. P.; Morgan, M. Y. ; Sancho-Bru, P.; Mathurin, P. ; Furuya, S.; Lackner, C. ; Rusyn, I. ; Shah, V. H. ; Thursz, M. R. ; Mann, J. ; Ávila Zaragoza, Matías Antonio; Bataller, R. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2041-1723
Volumen: 10
Número: 3126
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a life-threatening condition characterized by profound hepatocellular dysfunction for which targeted treatments are urgently needed. Identification of molecular drivers is hampered by the lack of suitable animal models. By performing RNA sequencing in livers from patients with different phenotypes of alcohol-related liver disease (ALD), we show that development of AH is characterized by defective activity of liver-enriched transcription factors (LETFs). TGF beta 1 is a key upstream transcriptome regulator in AH and induces the use of HNF4 alpha P2 promoter in hepatocytes, which results in defective metabolic and synthetic functions. Gene polymorphisms in LETFs including HNF4 alpha are not associated with the development of AH. In contrast, epigenetic studies show that AH livers have profound changes in DNA methylation state and chromatin remodeling, affecting HNF4 alpha-dependent gene expression. We conclude that targeting TGF beta 1 and epigenetic drivers that modulate HNF4 alpha-dependent gene expression could be beneficial to improve hepatocellular function in patients with AH.