New species of the genera Entomobrya and Mesentotoma from the Mediterranean Palaearctic region are described: Entomobrya akritohoriensis n. sp. from Greece, Entomobrya luqueensis n. sp. and Entomobrya vergarensis n. sp. from Spain, Entomobrya transversalis n. sp. from Morocco and Mesentotoma hispanica n. sp. from Spain. A new name is proposed for Folsomia potapovi Jordana & Baquero 2008 nec Babenko 2007.