Detalle Publicación

A restricted repertoire of de novo mutations in ITPR1 cause gillespie syndrome with evidence for dominant-negative effect.

Autores: McEntagart, M.; Williamson, KA.; Rainger, JK.; Wheeler, A.; Seawright, A.; De Baere, E.; Verdin, H.; Bergendahl, LT.; Quigley, A.; Rainger, J.; Dixit, A.; Sarkar,A.; López Laso, E.; Sánchez-Carpintero Abad, Rocío; Barrio Barrio, Jesús; Bitoun P; Prescott T; Riise R; McKee S; Cook J; McKie L; Ceulemans B; Meire F; Temple IK; Prieur F; Williams J; Clouston P; Németh AH; Banka S; Bengani H; Handley M; Freyer E; Ross A; DDD Study; van Heyningen V; Elmslie F; FitzPatrick DR
ISSN: 0002-9297
Volumen: 98
Número: 5
Páginas: 981-92
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Gillespie syndrome (GS) is characterized by bilateral iris hypoplasia, congenital hypotonia, non-progressive ataxia, and progressive cerebellar atrophy. Trio-based exome sequencing identified de novo mutations in ITPR1 in three unrelated individuals with GS recruited to the Deciphering Developmental Disorders study. Whole-exome or targeted sequence analysis identified plausible disease-causing ITPR1 mutations in 10/10 additional GS-affected individuals. These ultra-rare protein-altering variants affected only three residues in ITPR1: Glu2094 missense (one de novo, one co-segregating), Gly2539 missense (five de novo, one inheritance uncertain), and Lys2596 in-frame deletion (four de novo). No clinical or radiological differences were evident between individuals with different mutations. ITPR1 encodes an inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate-responsive calcium channel. The homo-tetrameric structure has been solved by cryoelectron microscopy. Using estimations of the degree of structural change induced by known recessive- and dominant-negative mutations in other disease-associated multimeric channels, we developed a generalizable computational approach to indicate the likely mutational mechanism. This analysis supports a dominant-negative mechanism for GS variants in ITPR1. In GS-derived lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs), the proportion of ITPR1-positive cells using immunofluorescence was significantly higher in mutant than control LCLs, consistent with an abnormality of nuclear calcium si