Diversity of acari and collembolla along a pollution gradient in soils of a pre-pyrenean forest ecosystem
Mites and springtails are important members of soil mesofauna and have been proven to be good bioindicators of airborne
pollutants. We studied the surrounding area of a steel mill located in a mountain valley of North Spain. Previous studies had
documented the existence of a pollution gradient in this area due to the emissions of the factory, thus providing an interesting site
to investigate the potential effects of pollutants (heavy metals and nitrogen) on soil biodiversity.
The density of Acari and Collembola significantly decreased with the increase in concentration of Cr, Mn, Zn, Cd and Pb. Mites
appeared to be more sensitive to heavy metal pollution than springtails. Likewise, the density of these microarthropoda was lower
in those soils exhibiting higher nitrogen content.
The species composition of the community of Acari and Collembola changed according to heavy metal pollution. Significant
differences in abundance, species richness and diversity were observed between the communities of the sampling sites. Some
species were exclusive of the less polluted sites, while other appeared in the most contaminated ones. This different response of
soil mesofauna to pollutants suggests that some mite or springtail species could be used as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution.