Máster Universitario en Estudios de Comisariado/ Curatorial Studies

Politica Educativa

Educational policy and plagiarism

Plagio es el acto de copiar o parafrasear el trabajo o las ideas de otras personas en un trabajo sin un reconocimiento explícito de su autoría. Se incluye en este concepto cualquier material, hecho público o inédito, manuscrito, impreso o en versión electrónica.

La connivencia es otra forma de plagio: se da cuando otros estudiantes u otras personas colaboran en un trabajo que debe ser hecho de manera individual.

Los casos de posible plagio en un trabajo evaluado serán dilucidados a la luz de la reglamentación disciplinaria que juzga el comportamiento en los exámenes. El plagio, intencional o por precipitación/inadvertido puede incurrir en sanciones graves, que comprenden el cese de los estudios o la expulsión de la universidad.

It would be wrong to describe plagiarism as a minor mistake or a matter of academic formality. On the contrary, plagiarism is a breach of academic integrity. It is a principle of intellectual honesty that all members of the academic community should acknowledge their debt to the originators of the ideas, words and data which form the basis for their own work. Passing off another’s work as your own is not only poor scholarship, but also means that you have failed to complete the learning process. Deliberate plagiarism is unethical and can have serious consequences for your future career; it also undermines the standards of your institution and of the degrees it issues.

There are various forms of plagiarism and it is worth clarifying the ways in which it is possible to plagiarize:

  • Verbatim quotation without clear acknowledgment. Quotations must always be identified as such by the use of either quotation marks or indentation, with adequate citation. It must always be apparent to the reader which parts are your own independent work and where you have drawn on someone else’s ideas and language.

  • Paraphrasing the work of others by altering a few words and changing their order or by closely following the structure of their argument is plagiarism because you are deriving your words and ideas from their work without giving due acknowledgment. Even if you include a reference to the original author in your own text, you are still creating a misleading impression that the paraphrased wording is entirely your own. It is better to write a brief summary of the author’s overall argument in your own words than to paraphrase particular sections of his or her writing. This will ensure you have a genuine grasp of the argument and will avoid the difficulty of paraphrasing without plagiarizing. You must also properly attribute all material you derive from lectures.

  • Cutting and pasting from the Internet. Information derived from the Internet must be adequately referenced and included in the bibliography. It is important to evaluate carefully all material found on the Internet, as it is less likely to have been through the same process of scholarly peer review as published sources.

  • Collusion. This can involve unauthorized collaboration between students, failure to attribute assistance received, or failure to follow precisely regulations on group work projects. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are entirely clear about the extent of collaboration permitted, and which parts of the work must be your own.

  • Inaccurate citation. It is important to cite correctly, according to the conventions of your discipline. Additionally, you should not include anything in a note or bibliography that you have not actually consulted. If you cannot gain access to a primary source you must make it clear in your citation that your knowledge of the work has been derived from a secondary text (e.g., Bradshaw, D. Title of Book, discussed in Wilson, E., Title of Book (London, 2004), p. 189).

  • Failure to acknowledge. You must clearly acknowledge all assistance which has contributed to the production of your work, such as advice from fellow students and other external sources. This need not apply to the assistance provided by your tutor or supervisor, nor to ordinary proofreading, but it is necessary to acknowledge other guidance which leads to substantive changes of content or approach.

  • Professional agencies. You should neither make use of professional agencies in the production of your work nor submit material which has been written for you (for hire or on websites that sell papers). It is vital to your intellectual training and development that you should undertake the research process without external assistance.

  • Auto-plagiarism. You must not submit work for assessment which you have already submitted (partially or in full) to fulfill the requirements of another degree course or examination

Plagiarism applies not only to text. The necessity to reference applies not only to text, but also to other media, such as electronic documents (websites), illustrations, graphs, etc. It applies equally to published text drawn from books and journals, and to unpublished text, whether from lecture handouts, theses or other students’ essays.

 

 

© Oxford University, 2006
Educational Policy
http://www.admin.ox.ac.uk/epsc/plagiarism

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