Bonds, Emotion and Identity
The particular objectives are as follows:
1. To examine the phenomenon of bonding (Verbindlichkeit) in general from a philosophical point of view, that is, how and why we feel we have a bond with something or someone (Hegel, Husserl and Heidegger).
1.1. To distinguish between theoretical bonding, practical bonding and emotional bonding.
1.2. To establish the relationship between the fundamental phenomenon of bonding and its various aforementioned iterations.
2. To contrast the reflection on bonding with the way in which this phenomenon is presented in relational sociology through the concept of "social relationship".
2.1. To analyze the concept of "social relationship".
2.2. To study how bonds of social sympathy, whose source is emotional, are constituted.
3. To highlight the moral dimension of the concept of identity implicit in psychology and the social sciences’ use of this concept; for this, we will initially follow the articulation of personality, culture and morality present in C.M. Korsgaard’s notion of "practical identity,” but we will also examine the criticisms that this notion has received for its insufficiently radical consideration of the social dimension of action or its excessive confidence in reflection. Contemporary interpretations of Hegel (R. Pippin) and Heidegger (S. Crowell) will serve as a reference.
3.1. A study of the articulation of personality, culture and morality present in the notion of C.M. Korsgaard’s "practical identity".
3.2. An examination of the critique of its (a) insufficiently radical consideration of the social dimension of action (Pippin) and (b) excessive reliance on reflection (Crowell).
3.3. A proposal for the articulation of normativity and freedom based on an analysis of the "paradox of autonomy".
4. To propose a theoretical articulation of the relationship between bonds, emotion and identity; we will develop a categorization of social bonds that attends to its variable emotional and moral dimension, paying attention to the genesis of "relational goods" and to the processes of collective identification, that is, to how a genuine sense of "we" is generated. This categorization will serve to analyze the way in which contemporary societies (post-ideological or post-political) elaborate their normative social codes.
4.1. To analyze the relationship between social bonding and moral bonding.
4.2. The development of a categorization of social bonds that considers their variable emotional and moral dimension.
4.3. A study of the genesis of "relational goods" and collective identification processes, that is, how a genuine sense of "we" is generated.
4.4. An analysis of the way in which contemporary societies (post-ideological or post-political) elaborate their normative social codes.