Bonds, Emotion and Identity
The general objective of this project is to recover the moral dimension implicit in social bonds based on a philosophical analysis of the relationship between bonds and identity. Doing so involves developing a structured explanation of the mutual relationship between bonds and identity, that is, making explicit the way in which bonds intervene in the configuration of personal and collective identity.
In order to address this issue, we must first examine the phenomenon of bonds in general - how and why we bond with something or someone - and to address the notion of identity as it is used in philosophy, psychology and the social sciences. Taking into account the aspects implicit in these approaches will allow us to elaborate an articulated approach to the problem in question.
The project’s general hypothesis is that the configuration of personal identity depends on phenomena related to bonds through which the subject recognizes that he is urged or challenged by a reality that differs from him, and that does not leave him indifferent. The subject is defined both when he accepts and when he rejects a bond. At this point, the perspective of the other is relevant because, with it, we realize that we can ignore bonds considered important by others (hence, the possible discrepancy between biographical and autobiographical accounts).
Thus, when articulating personal identity, intersubjective approaches are as necessary as the use of an independent judgment criterion, which allows for deciding which bonds should be taken into account to develop a consistent identity. This introduces a normative idea of humanity, which in turn needs justification. Since modernity (particularly since Kant), one of the main ways to achieve this justification is through reflection. However, as contemporary criticism inspired by German idealism, phenomenology and existentialism has shown, reflection itself rests on antecedent experiences of what it means to be bonded.
Between 2016 and 2019, this project has received funding from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Ref.FFI201567388P).