Educación de la afectividad y de la sexualidad humana

EASH

RESEARCH GROUP

Research Areas

  • Procesos de maduración afectiva en adultos
  • Proyecto AMAR (Antecedents of Marital Adjustment Research)
  • Proyecto E(f)FECTS (Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy in Spanish): un ensayo clínico aleatorizado en países de habla hispana
  • Proyecto YourLife: Estilos de vida y relaciones personales de los jóvenes
  • Salud en la familia, infancia y adolescencia. Promoción de los activos de desarrollo
  • Salud internacional: prevención de VIH e infecciones de transmisión sexual

Keywords

  • Adolescencia
  • Desarrollo Humano
  • Educación-afectivo sexual
  • Epidemiología
  • Estilos de vida
  • Familia
  • Fertilidad
  • Juventud
  • Matrimonio
  • Salud Pública
  • Salud sexual y reproductiva
  • Sexualidad
  • Vínculo social

Scientific Publications (since 2018)

  • Author: Balaguer Estaña, Alvaro J.; Benítez Sastoque, Edgar Ricardo (Autor de correspondencia); de la Fuente Arias, Jesús; et al.
    Journal: ANALES DE PSICOLOGIA
    ISSN 0212-9728 Vol.37 N° 1 2021 pp. 77-87
    Abstract
    Oliva¿s Escala para la Evaluación del Estilo Parental (EEEP) [Scale for the evaluation of parenting styles] asks adolescents about their parents¿ education styles separately (¿your father¿ and ¿your mother¿) or in a combined way (¿your parents¿), but only the separated version has been tested for validity. The objective of this work was to carry out a validation of the combined version. A sample of 1507 adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years, was recruited. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were run in two independent subsamples. Then, structural equation models (SEM) were run in order to test the association between the EEEP¿s subscales and adolescent outcomes (optimism, pessimism, and academic achievement). Results showed a good fit of the instruments¿ structure. Furthermore, the subscales showed associations with the outcomes. The EEEP can be reliably used in its combined form, which results in a reduction of items, often beneficial for research.
  • Author: Lampis, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Cataudella, S.; Agus, M.; et al.
    Journal: COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY QUARTERLY
    ISSN 0951-5070 Vol.34 N° 1 2021 pp. 54 - 71
    Abstract
    Bowen and colleagues argued through their clinical observations that psychological distress is a result of low levels of differentiation of self. Starting from these premises, the main objective of the present investigation was to compare a normative sample and a sample of adults seeking services at a systemic therapy clinic. Initially, we assessed differences between groups in dimensions related to differentiation of self and psychological distress. In the second step, we examined whether differentiation of self dimensions would increase or reduce the likelihood that an individual belonged to either of the two groups. The help-seeking sample was comprised of 64 adults seeking therapeutic services, and the normative sample was comprised of 85 students. All participants completed the Differentiation of Self Inventory and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. We found that the participants of the help-seeking sample had significantly higher scores on the Global Severity Index and in I-position and emotional cutoff dimensions. We also found that higher emotional cutoff was the strongest predictor of the probability of belonging to the help-seeking group in the hypothesized model. These data suggest that information about differentiation of self might enable counseling psychologists and therapist to define effective interventions.
  • Author: Neophytou, K. (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez González, Martiño
    Journal: SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
    ISSN 1099-1743 Vol.38 N° 1 2021 pp. 80 - 92
    Abstract
    Arguably, the medical model's narrative achieved an iconic mental health status eulogized within our evidence¿based era. Despite Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' atheoretical pretensions, we attempt to shed light and critically challenge its dogmatic mental health presumptions through a family systems perspective. Specifically, our critical study of a fictitious vignette attempts to expose how the medical model's systematic de¿emphasis of familial environments directs clinicians away from the true source of triangulated children's distress, an attention shift that may result in unintentionally perpetuating children's psychological turmoil. Alternatively, we attempt to delineate how the system paradigm may holistically account for children's familial emotional environments, thereby potentially attributing their psychological distress to its true, yet concealed, familial dysfunction. In essence, we argue that the medical model seems to operate within a decontextualized restricted disease¿carrier¿child mind frame, hence potentially ascribing faux diagnoses and false medical treatments to healthy children.
  • Author: Albertos San José, Arantza; Osorio, Alfonso; Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    Journal: EDUCACION Y EDUCADORES
    ISSN 0123-1294 Vol.23 N° 2 2020 pp. 201-220
  • Author: Rubio-Garrido, M.; González-Alba, J.M.; Reina González, Gabriel; et al.
    Journal: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
    ISSN 2045-2322 Vol.10 N° 1 2020
  • Author: Isik, E. (Autor de correspondencia); Özbiler, S.; Schweer-Collins, M. L.; et al.
    Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0192-6187 Vol.48 N° 3 2020 pp. 235 - 249
    Abstract
    Previous studies have documented the link between differentiation of self and life satisfaction. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining these associations are yet to be tested at the dyadic level. This study examined the mediating role of marital adjustment in the association between differentiation of self and life satisfaction among 113 Turkish heterosexual married couples (N=226). Analyses using the Common Fate Model demonstrated that differentiation of self was associated with higher levels of marital adjustment and life satisfaction, such that marital adjustment was positively associated with life satisfaction, and in turn, marital adjustment fully mediated this association. Implications are discussed for clinicians and cross-cultural researchers who seek to promote greater life satisfaction by targeting both differentiation and marital adjustment.
  • Author: Peixoto-Freitas, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez González, Martiño; Crabtree, S. A.; et al.
    Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0192-6187 Vol.48 N° 4 2020 pp. 299 - 316
    Abstract
    This study explores differentiation of self (DoS) and its association with couple adjustment across the family life cycle, in a sample of Spanish individuals (n¿=¿506). Individuals in stage VII (nearing the end of life) revealed significantly lower levels of DoS than those in other stages, except for V (moving on at midlife). Individuals in stages V and VII also revealed lower couple adjustment than individuals in stage II (couple formation). DoS was positively associated with couple adjustment across all stages, particularly V-VII. Longitudinal studies will confirm the trend for decrease in DoS and couple adjustment. Implications for therapy are discussed.
  • Author: Sandberg, J. G. (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez González, Martiño; Pereyra, S.; et al.
    Journal: JOURNAL OF MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0194-472X Vol.46 N° 2 2020 pp. 256 - 271
    Abstract
    This study is a multi-national follow-up to the original (Sandberg and Knestel (2011) Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 37, 393-410) article on the process of learning Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT). A total of 102 clinicians from nine Spanish-speaking countries (Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Spain, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, and El Salvador) participated in the study. A comparison of results across the two studies revealed more similarities than differences. However, a few notable differences emerged from responses to qualitative questions, namely a heightened sense of appreciation for and resonance with the focus on core emotion in EFT and less frequent reports of difficulty learning and adapting to the model among Spanish-speaking therapists. These differences were consistent with common cultural values and forms of expression in Latin America and Spain. Results are discussed in terms of training, supervision, and future research as well.
  • Author: Rodríguez González, Martiño (Autor de correspondencia); Schweer-Collins, M.; Greenman, P.; et al.
    Journal: JOURNAL OF MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0194-472X Vol.46 N° 2 2020 pp. 304 - 320
    Abstract
    This study seeks to validate the cross-cultural effectiveness of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) training in a sample of Spanish-speaking clinicians. The 28-hour formalized training for EFT was offered in six different Spanish-speaking countries, covering Europe, North America, Central America, and South America. Two hundred and seven therapists of 14 different Spanish-speaking nationalities completed pre-training assessments, 153 of them completed post-training assessments, and 92 therapists also completed the follow-up assessment. Using multilevel growth modeling, results indicated that therapists experienced significant and positive changes in terms of EFT competence (knowledge and skill acquisition), mature empathy, self-compassion, and attachment over time. Implications for transnational EFT training, specifically in Spanish-speaking countries, are discussed.
  • Author: Rived-Ocaña, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Schweer-Collins, M. L.; Rodríguez González, Martiño; et al.
    Journal: CONTEMPORARY FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 1573-3335 Vol.42 2020 pp. 346 - 359
    Abstract
    Contextual therapy posits that a truly comprehensive grasp of human existence is composed of individual and relational realities. The Relational Ethics Scale (RES) is the only validated instrument to measure relational ethics, one of the relational realities' four dimensions, which was theorized by Boszormenyi-Nagy. The RES measures people's perception about constructs of loyalty, entitlement, trust and justice in their family of origin and in their current and significant relationships. Relational ethics has been shown to have implications for mature development, psychological health and family functioning. The aim of this research was to adapt the RES for use with Spaniards residing in Spain (N = 1181). Psychometric properties were analyzed, and construct validity was assessed using the Spanish-Differentiation Self Inventory. Results obtained indicate the Spanish Relational Ethics Scale (S-RES) is a valid and reliable tool for relational ethics assessment in Spanish populations. Couple and family counselors in Spain may consider the clinical assessment of relational ethics using the S-RES in order to explore issues of fairness, trust, roles, and re-balance when working to support complex family systems. Future research directions using the newly validated S-RES are discussed.
  • Author: Rodríguez González, Martiño (Autor de correspondencia); Lampis, J.; Murdock, N. L.; et al.
    Journal: FAMILY PROCESS
    ISSN 1545-5300 Vol.59 N° 4 2020 pp. 1552 - 1568
    Abstract
    This study comprises a first attempt to explore a cross¿cultural application of Bowen family systems theory and examines the relationship between differentiation of self and couple adjustment using measurement invariance. A sample of 2,141 individuals (n = 915 from the United States; n = 635 from Italy; n = 591 from Spain) completed measures of differentiation of self (DSI¿R; Skowron & Schmitt, J Marital Fam Ther, 29, 2003, 209) and couple adjustment (DAS; Spanier, J Marriage Fam, 38, 1976, 15). Results showed evidence of partial measurement equivalence for the DSI¿R across the three samples. Additionally, results from latent regression showed that less emotional cutoff predicted greater couple adjustment in the United States, Spain, and Italy, whereas greater emotional reactivity predicted poorer couple adjustment only in the more collectivistic cultures, Spain and Italy. Our findings are consistent with prior empirical studies, which suggest that emotional cutoff is a strong predictor of relationship adjustment. The use of measurement invariance provides a foundation for future studies to continue employing rigorous statistical methods when examining constructs across different cultures. The findings highlight culture¿specific similarities and differences in differentiation that may benefit practitioners by informing psychotherapy with individuals, couples, or families from diverse populations.
  • Author: Benjamín Prieto-Damm; de la Rosa Fernández Pacheco, Pedro Antonio; López del Burgo, Cristina; et al.
    Journal: DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
    ISSN 0376-8716 Vol.199 2019 pp. 27-34
    Abstract
    Introduction: Structured and unstructured leisure are known protective and risk factors, respectively, for alcohol consumption during adolescence. However, little is known about the interaction between the two leisure types and alcohol consumption. Method: A cross-sectional study was performed among high-school students in El Salvador and Peru. Schooled adolescents, aged 13¿18 (N=5,640), completed a self-administered questionnaire about risk behaviors, including their leisure activities and whether they had consumed alcoholic beverages. They were classified into tertiles of the amount of time of both structured and unstructured activities. A non-conditional multivariate logistic regression was conducted to evaluate the association of both types of leisure with alcohol consumption. We also used a likelihood ratio test to assess the potential interaction of structured and unstructured leisure time in alcohol consumption. Results: Alcohol consumption was much more frequent among adolescents in the highest tertile of unstructured leisure time compared to the lowest one, and less frequent among those from the highest tertile of structured leisure time compared to the lowest one. We did not find an interaction effect between structured and unstructured leisure time with regard to initiation of alcohol consumption. Discussion: The study suggests that structured leisure is not enough to compensate for the possible harmful effect of unstructured leisure. Parents, educators and policy
  • Author: Lampis, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez González, Martiño; Cataudella, S.; et al.
    Journal: AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0814-723X Vol.40 N° 4 2019 pp. 457 - 482
    Abstract
    We present a comparison between Italy, Spain, Greece, and Portugal to test the cross¿cultural validity of the Differentiation of Self Inventory Revised (DSI¿R) Scales of emotional cut¿off (EC) and emotional reactivity (ER). Our study focuses on the importance of in¿depth analyses of the differentiation of self¿constructs from a cross¿cultural perspective and reflects on the possibility of conceptualising the universality of Bowen theory in southern European countries. The study involved 1,807 healthy individuals. All participants completed the DSI¿R (Skowron & Schmitt, 2003). It was found that the measurement models had a suitable fit for each country group. Nevertheless, in our study, the two DSI¿R subscales, ER and EC, highlighted a weak invariance, specifically demonstrating only the invariance of the pattern factor loadings and the magnitude of factor loadings in the four samples. The empirical and clinical implications of these data are discussed.
  • Author: Rodríguez González, Martiño (Autor de correspondencia); Schweer-Collins, M.; Bell, C. A.; et al.
    Journal: JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND DEVELOPMENT
    ISSN 0748-9633 Vol.97 N° 2 2019 pp. 209 - 219
    Abstract
    This study used an actor¿partner interdependence model to assess the relationship between differentiation of self and family functioning in a sample of 118 heterosexual Spanish couples, with additional attention to family structural correlates, including age of the children, number of children in the household, and educational level. Results showed a significant actor effect, with greater differentiation of self levels predicting better family functioning within individuals. Implications for mental health professionals regarding differentiation are provided.
  • Author: Carlos Chillerón, Silvia; López del Burgo, Cristina; Ndarabu, A.; et al.
    Journal: PLOS ONE
    ISSN 1932-6203 Vol.14 N° 1 2019 pp. e0210398
    Abstract
    BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections can be spread through oral and anal heterosexual sex. There are few data on these practices in Sub-Saharan Africa. We analyzed the prevalence of heterosexual oral and anal sex among HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) attendees in Kinshasa and the associated sociodemographics, perceptions and behavioral factors. METHODS: OKAPI (Observational Kinshasa AIDS Prevention Initiative) prospective cohort study. It evaluates the VCT impact on HIV-related knowledge and behaviors at 6 and 12-month follow-up. Since April 2016 until April 2018, 797 persons aged 15-59 years were HIV tested and replied to a baseline interview, including information about anal and oral sex. Descriptive, bi- and multivariate analyses were performed using baseline data. RESULTS: Among 718 sexually active participants reporting heterosexual sex, 59% had had oral sex, 22% anal sex and 18% both practices. Among participants reporting "not" having had sex, 6% reported oral sex, 3% anal sex and 1% both. Oral sex was associated with a daily use of the Internet/mobile phone, perceiving low community HIV risk, reporting HIV-related behaviors (multiple partners, inconsistent condom use, anal, paid and forced sex) and having been pregnant. Being married-monogamous was inversely associated with oral sex. Anal sex was directly associated with having other risk sexual behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Oral and anal sex were common among people reporting heterosexual sex in Kinshasa. Perceiving a low community HIV risk and having other sexual risk behaviors are associated with these practices, which are commonly not considered as risky despite their strong association with HIV/STIs. They need to be considered when designing preventive strategies in Kinshasa.
  • Author: Rodríguez González, Martiño (Autor de correspondencia); Martins, M. V.; Bell, C. A.; et al.
    Journal: CONTEMPORARY FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0892-2764 Vol.41 N° 3 2019 pp. 293 - 303
    Abstract
    This study used an actor¿partner interdependence analytic approach to examine a theoretical model assessing whether lower differentiation of self is linked to higher psychological distress and lower dyadic adjustment. Data from 195 heterosexual Spanish couples were analyzed. Results showed significant actor effects in all variables. Regarding partner effects, women¿s emotional cutoff had a significant influence on their partner¿s psychological distress and dyadic adjustment; however, men¿s emotional cutoff had a significant relationship with their partner¿s dyadic adjustment but not psychological distress. Emotional reactivity on the other hand, the intrapersonal dimension of differentiation of self, did not manifest any partner effect. The findings provide (a) a new approach on the role of differentiation of self in intra- and interpersonal distress; (b) cross-cultural support for previous research; and (c) an integrated model for a systemic understanding of these variables, grounded in a strong theoretical framework, which explained up to 62% of model variance. Overall, our results support Bowen¿s basic assumptions and systems theory principles that a couple is an emotional unit, and suggest that interventions targeting emotional cutoff may be particularly helpful to benefit both members of the couple. Other implications for therapy and suggestions for future research are discussed.
  • Author: González de la Cámara, Marta; Osorio, Alfonso; Reparaz Abaitua, Charo
    Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
    ISSN 1660-4601 Vol.16 N° 17 2019 pp. 1-20
    Abstract
    Recent studies have shown different results in identifying which parenting style is the most beneficial for children, which has encouraged certain authors to wonder whether parental control is still needed for optimal parenting. As such investigations have been conducted with different measuring instruments, it is necessary to check whether the use of different instruments leads to different results. In order to figure this out, a systematic review of the recent literature (Web of Science and Scopus, 2000¿2017) was carried out. This review found that, using certain instruments, parental control is associated with better outcomes in children, while using certain others, control is associated with worse outcomes. The difference seems to be in the way of measuring parental control.
  • Author: Rubio-Garrido, M. ; Ndarabu, A. ; Reina González, Gabriel (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Journal: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
    ISSN 2045-2322 Vol.9 2019 pp. 5679
    Abstract
    Point-of-Care (POC) molecular assays improve HIV infant diagnosis and viral load (VL) quantification in resource-limited settings. We evaluated POC performance in Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo), with high diversity of HIV-1 recombinants. In 2016, 160 dried blood samples (DBS) were collected from 85 children (60 HIV-, 18 HIV+, 7 HIV-exposed) and 75 HIV+ adults (65 treated, 10 naive) at Monkole Hospital (Kinshasa). We compared viraemia with Cepheid-POC-Xpert-HIV-1VL and the nonPOC-COBAS (R) AmpliPrep/COBAS (R) TaqMan (R) HIV-1-Testv2 in all HIV+, carrying 72.4%/7.2% HIV-1 unique/complex recombinant forms (URF/CRF). HIV-1 infection was confirmed in 14 HIV+ children by Cepheid-POC-Xpert-HIV-1Qual and in 70 HIV+ adults by both Xpert-VL and Roche-VL, identifying 8 false HIV+ diagnosis performed in DRC (4 adults, 4 children). HIV-1 was detected in 95.2% and 97.6% of 84 HIV+ samples by Xpert-VL and Roche-VL, respectively. Most (92.9%) HIV+ children presented detectable viraemia by both VL assays and 74.3% or 72.8% of 70 HIV+ adults by Xpert or Roche, respectively. Both VL assays presented high correlation (R-2= 0.89), but showing clinical relevant >= 0.5 logVL differences in 15.4% of 78 cases with VL within quantification range by both assays. This is the first study confirming the utility of Xpert HIV-1 tests for detection-quantification of complex recombinants currently circulating in Kinshasa.
  • Author: Ayerbe, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Perez-Pinar, M.; López del Burgo, Cristina; et al.
    Journal: LINACRE QUARTERLY
    ISSN 0024-3639 Vol.86 N° 2 - 3 2019 pp. 161 - 167
    Abstract
    Background: Forty-four percent of all pregnancies worldwide are unintended. Induced abortion has drawn a lot of attention from clinicians and policy makers, and the care for women requesting it has been covered in many publications. However, abortion challenges the values of many women, is associated with negative emotions, and has its own medical complications. Women have the right to discuss their unintended pregnancy with a clinician and receive elaborate information about other options to deal with it. Continuing an unintended pregnancy, and receiving the necessary care and support for it, is also a reproductive right of women. However, the provision of medical information and support required for the continuation of an unintended pregnancy has hardly been approached in the medical literature. Objective: This review presents a clinical approach to unintentionally pregnant patients and describes the information and support that can be offered for the continuation of the unintended pregnancy. Discussion: Clinicians should approach patients with an unintended pregnancy with a sympathetic tone in order to provide the most support and present the most complete options. A complete clinical history can help frame the problem and identify concerns related to the pregnancy. Any underlying medical or obstetric problems can be discussed. A social history, that includes the personal support from the patient's partner, parents, and siblings, can be taken. Doctors should also be alert of possible cases of violence from the partner or child abuse in adolescent patients. Finally, the clinician can provide the first information regarding the social care available and refer the patients for further support. For women who continue an unintended pregnancy, clinicians should start antenatal care immediately. Conclusion: Unintentionally pregnant women deserve a supportive and complete response from their clinicians, who should inform about, and sometimes activate, all the resources available for the continuation of unintended pregnancy. Forty-four percent of all pregnancies worldwide are unintended. Induced abortion has drawn a lot of attention and the care for women requesting it has been covered in many publications. However, abortion challenges the values of many women, is associated with negative emotions, and has its own medical complications. Women have the right to discuss their unintended pregnancy with a clinician and receive elaborate information about other options to deal with it. Continuing an unintended pregnancy, and receiving the necessary care and support for it, is also a reproductive right of women. However, the provision of medical information and support required for the continuation of an unintended pregnancy has hardly been approached in the medical literature. This review presents a clinical approach to unintentionally pregnant patients and describes the information and support that can be offered for the continuation of the unintended pregnancy. Clinicians should approach patients with an unintended pregnancy with a sympathetic tone. A complete clinical history can help frame the problem and identify concerns related to the pregnancy. Any underlying medical or obstetric problems can be discussed. A social history, that includes the personal support from the patient's partner, parents, and siblings, can be taken. Doctors should also be alert of possible cases of violence from the partner or child abuse in adolescent patients. Finally, the clinician can provide the first information regarding the social care available and refer the patients for further support. For women who continue an unintended pregnancy, clinicians should start antenatal care immediately.
  • Author: Rodríguez González, Martiño (Autor de correspondencia); Schweer-Collins, M.; Skowron, E. A.; et al.
    Journal: JOURNAL OF MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPY
    ISSN 0194-472X Vol.45 N° 4 2019 pp. 578 - 591
    Abstract
    The pathways between differentiation of self and health remain only partly elucidated. This cross-cultural study sought to test Bowen's hypothesis about the associations between differentiation, stressful life events, and physical and psychological health, in a sample of 466 Spanish adults. Results show that people with higher levels of differentiation were less prone to physical ailments (e.g., heart disease, cancer, or blood disorders) and psychological symptoms (e.g., depression or anxiety). Further, differentiation mediated the association between stress (i.e., perceived negativity of stress in the past year and number of stressful events across the lifetime) and physical and psychological health. The current research provides cross-cultural empirical evidence for the links between differentiation and mind and body health in a Mediterranean culture.
  • Author: Herranz Rodríguez, Gonzalo; León Sanz, Pilar; Pardo Sáenz, José María; et al.
    Journal: ANTHROPOTES
    ISSN 1120-2874 Vol.34 2018 pp. 39 - 62
    Abstract
    No one who has taken an interest in the ethical aspects of contraception can ignore the important paper on the subject by the Pontifical Commission for the Study of Population, Family and Births, created by Pope John XXIII and augmented by Paul VI. This article will primarily focus on the medical-biological discussions of the sessions of the papal Commission, and their conclusions.
  • Author: Moulin, Daniel Peter James (Autor de correspondencia); de Irala Estévez, Jokin; Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo; et al.
    Journal: JOURNAL OF MORAL EDUCATION
    ISSN 0305-7240 Vol.47 N° 4 2018 pp. 466-480
    Abstract
    How young people spend time out of school is important for their character development. In this article we explore the relationships between adolescents¿ leisure time and other aspects of their lives, with a particular focus on religion. Using a data set generated by secondary school students in Peru and El Salvador (n = 6085) for a public health project, YOURLIFE, we conducted multiple logistic regression analyses of the relationships between religious identification, salience and practice; five indicators of adolescent risk behaviors; and, four indicators of prosocial attitudes and behaviors. In addition to not participating in risk behaviors such as sex, smoking, drinking alcohol and taking illicit drugs, these analyses show significant relationships between religion and prosocial activities and attitudes. These data are considered in the context of the wider debate over the role of religion in adolescent character development in Latin America and elsewhere.
  • Author: Laspra Solis, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Cano Prous, Adrián; Martín Lanas, Raquel; et al.
    Journal: REVISTA ARGENTINA DE CLINICA PSICOLOGICA
    ISSN 0327-6716 Vol.27 N° 1 2018 pp. 83 - 90
    Abstract
    Marital satisfaction and desire for change are closely related constructs, which are very important to measure couple dysfunction. The objective was to determine the eventual relationship between marital satisfaction and desire for change. A sample of 435 couples (166 functional and 264 dysfunctional) completed the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) and the Areas of Change Questionnaire (ACQ). Results showed that women wanted more changes than men did. The variables marital satisfaction, number of children, and length of marriage were found to predict desire for change. Both men and women have a different perception of their couple relationship and number of children and years of marriage influence their perception.
  • Author: Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    Books: Una acción educativa pensada. Reflexiones desde la filosofía de la educación
    ISSN 978-84-1377-141-0 2020 pp. 101 - 110
    Abstract
    En el campo de la educación del carácter se pueden distinguir diferentes modelos. A grandes rasgos hay tres enfoques muy definidos: el que se centra en el carácter moral, el que busca desarrollar el performance character y el que apuesta por la alfabetización afectiva o educación emocional. Por tiempo muchas de estas iniciativas se habían comportado como compartimentos estancos, con el peligro de la dispersión o la visión reductiva del desarrollo humano del alumno. En la actualidad se ve un cambio de actitud, una tendencia a la convergencia. No es una fusión en una sola escuela sino la incorporación de los aportes de las demás corrientes en la propia propuesta. Entonces se puede decir que estos tres enfoques se están convirtiendo en auténticos pilares en la construcción de cualquier programa de educación del carácter. Esta es, además, una buena forma de acabar con los compartimentos estancos entre corrientes y de llegar a todas las dimensiones personales del alumno.
  • Author: López del Burgo, Cristina; Donazar Ezcurra, Mikel; de Irala Estévez, Jokin
    Books: Conceptos de salud pública y estrategias preventivas
    ISSN 978-84-9113-120-5 2018 pp. 301 - 306
  • Author: Reina González, Gabriel; Carlos Chillerón, Silvia; Sayon Orea, María del Carmen
    Books: Conceptos de salud pública y estrategias preventivas: un manual para ciencias de la salud
    ISSN 978-84-9113-120-5 2018 pp. 217 - 221
  • Author: Carlos Chillerón, Silvia; López del Burgo, Cristina; Reina González, Gabriel
    Books: Conceptos de salud pública y estrategias preventivas. Un manual para ciencias de la salud
    ISSN 978-84-9113-120-5 2018 pp. 183 - 187
  • Author: Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    Books: ¿Quienes somos?: Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 978-84-313-3285-3 2018 pp. 184 - 188
  • Author: Reina González, Gabriel; Toledo Atucha, Estefanía; Carlos Chillerón, Silvia
    Books: Conceptos de salud pública y estrategias preventivas: un manual para ciencias de la salud
    ISSN 978-84-9113-120-5 2018 pp. 171 - 176
  • Author: Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    ISSN 9788418392856 2021
    Abstract
    Desde hace siglos la psicología y la filosofía han mantenido una estrecha relación, que no siempre ha sido fácil. Este libro es un esfuerzo de síntesis con un solo objetivo: entender a la persona humana. Son páginas que recorren problemas fundamentales de la psicología mirados desde la óptica de la filosofía¿ y a la inversa. El yo, las emociones, el corazón, la voluntad, la identidad, la memoria, la dignidad personal, el transhumanismo, la búsqueda de sentido, la empatía, el desarrollo positivo, la inteligencia y las inteligencias, son solo algunos de sus temas. Pero no es un libro de elucubraciones. Es más bien una serie ordenada de explicaciones para que el psicólogo inquieto pueda meterse un poco en el campo de la filosofía. Todo el texto está estructurado alrededor de gráficos, auténticas hojas de ruta para ubicar los fenómenos filosóficos más relevantes. Incluye, además, referencias a películas y a la cultura pop que ayudan en el recorrido. Es un material perfecto para los estudiantes que recién se sumergen en la aventura de comprender la complejidad humana. Pero también para el profesional que lleva años en la práctica terapéutica.
  • Author: Escrivá Ivars, Joaquín Javier (Editor); Megías Quirós, José Justo; Rodrigues de Araujo, Elisa María
    ISSN 978-84-313-3377-5 2020
  • Author: Herranz Rodríguez, Gonzalo; León Sanz, Pilar; Pardo Sáenz, José María; et al.
    ISSN 9798642285800 2020
  • Author: Herranz Rodríguez, Gonzalo; León Sanz, Pilar; Pardo Sáenz, José María; et al.
    ISSN 9798642285800 2020
  • Author: Saunders, J.; Vollmer, C.; Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    ISSN 978-3946676096 2018
    Abstract
    Band 4 unserer Reihe leben lieben lernen: Laura und Tim ziehen mit ihren Familien um ¿ eine Weile leben sie gemeinsam in einem gemieteten Haus. Das kann sehr schön sein, aber auch sehr anstrengend. Im Familienleben, in der Schule und gemeinsam mit ihren Freunden lernen sie vieles über den Umgang miteinander, über Rücksicht aufeinander, über notwendige Regeln und darüber, wie man mit anderen auskommen kann. Die Kinder werden selbständiger und erfahren, dass man immer öfter eigene Entscheidungen trifft und dafür die Verantwortung übernimmt. Auch Wurzeln, Vorbilder und Helden spielen eine Rolle in diesem Band. Alter 9¿10
  • Author: Saunders, J.; Vollmer, C.; Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    ISSN 978-3946676058 2018
    Abstract
    In Band 3 unserer Reihe leben lieben lernen (Alter 8-9 Jahre) geht es um Sport. Laura und Tim sind überrascht, als ihr Lehrer ihnen sagt, dass Sport genauso wichtig ist wie alle anderen Fächer. Sport und Spiel haben in jeder Gesellschaft ihren festen Platz und ihren Sinn. Mit bunten Bildern werden die jungen Leser in die Geschichten eingeführt und regen dazu an, gemeinsam mit Tim und Laura zu lernen, dass Tugenden wie Durchhaltevermögen, Respekt, Aufrichtigkeit oder Fairness nicht nur im Sport eine große Rolle spielen, sondern auch im Alltagsleben, zu Hause und in der Schule. Anhand ihrer Erlebnisse und vieler Beispiele aus der Geschichte erfahren Laura, Tim und ihre Freunde, dass man etwas tun muss, wenn man erfolgreich sein will, und dass Lebensglück auch etwas mit Selbstdisziplin und einem starken Charakter zu tun hat.
  • Author: Beltramo Álvarez, Carlos Eduardo
    ISSN 9788431332525 2018

Projects (since 2018)

  • Title: Determinantes de la violencia de pareja en adolescentes. Prevención desde el ámbito escolar
    Project reference: PI18/01126
    Principal Investigator: CRISTINA LOPEZ DEL BURGO.
    Funding organisation: INSTITUTO DE SALUD CARLOS III
    Programme/Call: AES2018 PI
    Starting date: 01-01-2019
    Ending date: 31-12-2021
    Amount awarded: 38.720,00 €
    FEDER Funds: SI
  • Title: Cohorte Okapi (Observational Kinshasa AIDS Prevention Initiative): Comportamientos sexuales tras el Consejo y Diagnóstico voluntario de VIH, subtipos de VIH y resistencias a antirretrovirales.
    Project reference: PI16/01908
    Principal Investigator: GABRIEL REINA GONZALEZ, SILVIA CARLOS CHILLERON.
    Funding organisation: INSTITUTO DE SALUD CARLOS III
    Programme/Call: 2016 AES PROYECTOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN
    Starting date: 01-01-2017
    Ending date: 30-06-2021
    Amount awarded: 53.240,00 €
    FEDER Funds: SI
  • Title: Proyecto OKAPI (Observational Kinshasa AIDS Prevention Initiative): comportamientos sexuales tras el Consejo y Diagnóstico Voluntario de VIH, prevalencia de subtipos infectantes y resistencia a antirretrovirales
    Project reference: 45/2015
    Principal Investigator: SILVIA CARLOS CHILLERON.
    Funding organisation: GOBIERNO DE NAVARRA
    Programme/Call: 2015 GN SALUD
    Starting date: 06-12-2015
    Ending date: 05-12-2018
    Amount awarded: 34.010,00 €
    FEDER Funds: NO
  • Title: Emotionally focused couple therapy in a new cultural context: A randomized clinical trial in Spanish-speaking countries ICEEFT-2020
    Project reference:
    Principal Investigator:
    Funding organisation: INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR EXCELLENCE IN EMOTIONALLY FOCUSED THERAPY
    Programme/Call: ICEEFT RESEARCH GRANT
    Starting date: 01-03-2021
    Ending date: 29-02-2024
    Amount awarded: 0
    FEDER Funds: NO
  • Title: Proyecto AME: Artes, Museos y Educación. Factores clave de la experiencia significativa con la obra de arte en la población infantil y juvenil que visita los museos o centros de arte.
    Principal Investigator: CARMEN URPI GUERCIA, FERNANDO ECHARRI IRIBARREN
    Funding organisation: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Programme/Call: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Starting date: 01-09-2020
    Ending date: 31-08-2021
    Amount awarded: 7.550,00 €
  • Title: Determining factors of adolescent dating violence. Prevention form the school context
    Principal Investigator: CRISTINA LOPEZ DEL BURGO
    Funding organisation: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Programme/Call: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2019 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Starting date: 01-09-2019
    Ending date: 31-08-2022
    Amount awarded: 49.000,00 €