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Autoconocimiento

Autoconocimiento

Definición:

Capacidad de entender cómo es y cómo reacciona uno mismo ante distintas circunstancias, tanto en lo personal como en lo vida social y universitaria. Convencimiento en las propias capacidades y posibilidades de desarrollo.    

REFLEXIONAR

REFLEXIONAR

Autoconocimiento-Evaluación

Evaluación

  • ¿Tienes resistencia al cansancio?

  • ¿Haces lo que consideras necesario en cada momento, sin dejarte llevar por lo fácil o apetecible?

  • ¿Eres capaz de realizar sacrificios para lograr sus objetivos?

  • ¿Te concentras a fondo en los temas, sin saltar superficialmente de uno a otro?

  • ¿Eres consciente de las consecuencias que implica cada decisión?

  • ¿Eres constante y ordenado en el estudio/trabajo y en otras actividades?

  • ¿Terminas las tareas que empiezas, aunque surjan dificultades?

  • ¿Tienes claras tus prioridades en todo momento y actúas conforme a ellas?

  • ¿Fijas los objetivos adecuados para obtener el √©éxito académico y llegas a ellos?

  • ¿Estás comprometido con los estudios y tienes establecidos unos buenos hábitos de estudio?

  • ¿Mantienes alejadas las tentaciones (móvil, ordenador...) a la hora de estudiar?

  • ¿Cumples con tus obligaciones anteponiéndolas a tus deseos?

  • ¿Controlas la ansiedad y el nerviosismo ante riesgos reales o inventados?

  • ¿Piensas antes de actuar, sin dejarte llevar por las emociones?

  • ¿Eres capaz de controlar tus impulsos ("mala leche", ira, ganas de rendirte...)?

  • ¿Tienes una actitud positiva? ¿Estás motivado con lo que haces?

  • ¿Eres una persona ordenada?

  • Cambias de opinión ante la presión del grupo.

  • Te dejas “llevar por la corriente" para no destacar ni diferenciarte.

  • No te muestras como eres, sino como los demás esperan.

  • Eres conformista y no haces propuestas de mejora que impliquen liderazgo personal.

  • No examinas tu comportamiento ni pides feedback a los que te rodean.

  • Estableces plazos y objetivos poco realistas.

  • Adquieres compromisos que no puedes cumplir.

  • No dominas tus sentimientos ni sabes cómo influyen en tu trabajo y en los demás.

  • No sabes comportarte de acuerdo con tu posición.

  • Te derrumbas ante los errores o fracasos.

  • Desconoces los puntos fuertes personales en donde apoyarte.

  • No crees en tus propias capacidades.

  • Piensas que los demás harán una tarea mejor de lo que eres capaz.

  • ¿Tienes identificados tus puntos fuertes, aquellas cosas que realmente haces bien?

  • ¿Podrías enumerar con relativa facilidad un listado de comportamientos o hábitos que constituyen tus áreas de mejora?

  • ¿Utilizas eficazmente tus puntos fuertes para compensar tus carencias?

  • ¿Te comprometes frecuentemente con tareas que exceden tus capacidades?

  • ¿Conoces realmente qué efecto tienen tus emociones sobre tus actos?

  • ¿Has llegado alguna vez a un punto sin buscarlo y te ha sorprendido muchísimo?

  • ¿Hay algo en la actitud de tus compañeros hacia tu persona que te sorprenda?

  • ¿Te has parado a pensar por qué?

  • ¿Te han hecho alguna crítica alguna vez? ¿Has sabido aceptarla con humildad y analizarla?

  • ¿Sabrías prever cómo reaccionarías ante diferentes escenarios en la universidad o en el trabajo? ¿Y en tu vida personal?

CAMBIAR

CAMBIAR

Autoconocimiento_PlanAccion

Plan de acción

  • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses identified by your self-assessment and external assessment. Identify the competences with the widest gap between the two perspectives and analyze why this is the case.
  • Discuss this with your mentor or your parents and, based on their opinion, try to learn something about yourself that you didn’t know.
  • If you wish, you can use the strengths and weaknesses questionnaire on this website to help you:
Questionnaire
  • Take the temperament test included in the resources section and identify your predominant temperament component.

  • Do you know what temperament is and why it is useful to know about yours? Read the document Temperament Theory to learn more about your innate qualities. Also (or alternatively), watch the video about temperament suggested in the resources section.

  • From the qualities of each temperament, indicate the two strengths and two weaknesses of your predominant temperament with which you most identify.

  • Next, identify two actions in which you can use the strengths of your temperament and two actions you will find harder because of your weaknesses. It is especially useful to focus on your strengths, because these are what will help you grow.

Presentación   Vídeo   Test
  • Read the document Steps to Form a New Habit and listen to the TEDx talk The Power of Habit.

  • Identify at least three habits in your daily routine that you would like to develop.

  • Through the guidelines in the improvement notebook and the content of the document, draw up a specific plan to develop them.

Documento   Vídeo
  • Take the Life Compass test to find out your predominant values and discuss the results with your mentor, your parents or someone you trust.

  • You can also find out how important a value is for you in theoretical terms and the importance you attach to it through your actions. After that, you can create plans to make the most of values that are being absorbed by others but that are important to you.

 

Life Compass   Explicación Life Compass
  • Make a list of three activities you have carried out that you are most proud of. Based on these, identify common steps that led to the successful outcome and the measures you took to get there. Could you repeat them?

  • Now make a list of the three situations you remember most negatively and answer the following questions: What led you to that situation? How did you behave? If it happened now, what would you do?

  • If you set aside a few moments to spend alone each day, without any distractions nearby, you’ll develop a better sense of who you are and what led you to act that way. Reflect on what you did and what feelings it triggered in you.

  • Carry out activities that involve nothing but thinking.

  • Read books or watch movies that present interesting ideas you can use to improve.

  • Think about how the different people you have met have contributed to your life.

PROFUNDIZAR

PROFUNDIZAR

Autoconocimiento_Recursos

Recursos

Articles

Note: This deals with the importance of knowing how to reflect and think about ourselves, the importance of culture in personal development, and the need to acquire culture in order to grow.

Note: Self-knowledge is a never-ending task, since we are always changing. But we can’t live life to the full without it.

Books

  • Temperamento, carácter y personalidad (Temperament, Character and Personality), Fernando Sarráis

Note: This book explains the differences between these three concepts and the different types, including positive aspects and other aspects to consider.

Note: This video illustrates the importance of leaving your comfort zone to grow as a person.

 

 

Note: This video explains the theory of the four classical temperaments, as well as the key characteristics associated with them.

Note: Acquiring a habit inevitably leads to an improvement in our lives, since it’s easier to do routine things. But you need willpower to get there...

Note: This video looks at how infinite options end up creating more stress when we can’t accept ourselves and our decisions, recognize mistakes or consider the possibility that a decision doesn’t need to be perfect, but just good for ourselves and others.

Note: The generation born after 1984 presents strengths that are conditioned by their complete lack of confidence. Where does this lack of confidence come from? What can we do to improve it? If you want to learn more about this fascinating generation, or if you belong to it and want some advice, this interview is really helpful.

  • Dead Poets Society

Note: Peter Weir’s film is a master class in the importance of finding what we really want to fill our lives with excitement. The protagonists, a group of boys at a British boarding school for wealthy families, witness the arrival of a teacher like no other: he not only teaches them, but also makes sure that each of them undertakes a personal quest to uncover the purpose of their lives

  • Jerry Maguire

Note: The most striking aspect of this film is the change experienced by Jerry Maguire in the first 30 minutes of the film. He struggles with an inner conflict and questions who he is and why he does his job. The rest of the film shows how the decision he has made about who he wants to be affects his personal and professional life.

 

  • Self-Assessment of Skills and Presentation in a Mind Map

Note: Score your skills and use a mind map to pinpoint your strengths and areas for improvement with a view to defining development plans.

  • SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats)

Note: Define the strengths you can draw upon, the weaknesses that are standing in the way of your personal and professional improvement, opportunities for improvement and the external and internal threats that can affect your growth.

  • Temperament Test

Note: In this Excel-based test, participants choose four adjectives with which they most identify from a list that contains both positive and negative terms. By the end, you’ll have collected a series of “points” to help identify your temperament. It is complemented by a text that describes each temperament (in the reading section).

  • MBA Exercise: Life Compass

Note: This simple exercise, which combines numerical and written assessments, allows you to obtain a quick, accurate analysis of your key values.