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Validation of the Clinical Use of GIScar, an Academic-developed Genomic Instability Score Predicting Sensitivity to Maintenance Olaparib for Ovarian Cancer

Autores: Leman, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Muller, E.; Legros, A.; Goardon, N.; Chentli, I.; Atkinson, A.; Tranchant, A.; Castera, L.; Krieger, S.; Ricou, A.; Boulouard, F.; Joly, F.; Boucly, R.; Dumont, A.; Basset, N.; Coulet, F.; Chevalier, L. M.; Rouleau, E.; Leitner, K.; González Martín, Antonio; Gargiulo, P.; Luck, H. J.; Genestie, C.; Ray-Coquard, I.; Pujade-Lauraine, E.; Vaur, D.
Título de la revista: CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN: 1078-0432
Volumen: 29
Número: 21
Páginas: 4419 - 4429
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Resumen:
Purpose: The optimal application of maintenance PARP inhibitor therapy for ovarian cancer requires accessible, robust, and rapid testing of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). However, in many countries, access to HRD testing is problematic and the failure rate is high. We developed an academic HRD test to support treatment decision-making.Experimental Design: Genomic Instability Scar (GIScar) was developed through targeted sequencing of a 127-gene panel to determine HRD status. GIScar was trained from a noninterventional study with 250 prospectively collected ovarian tumor samples. GIScar was validated on 469 DNA tumor samples from the PAOLA-1 trial evaluating maintenance olaparib for newly diagnosed ovarian cancer, and its predictive value was compared with Myriad Genetics MyChoice (MGMC).Results: GIScar showed significant correlation with MGMC HRD classification (kappa statistics: 0.780). From PAOLA-1 samples, more HRD-positive tumors were identified by GIScar (258) than MGMC (242), with a lower proportion of inconclusive results (1% vs. 9%, respectively). The HRs for progression-free survival (PFS) with olaparib versus placebo were 0.45 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.33-0.62] in GIScar-identified HRD-positive BRCA-mutated tumors, 0.50 (95% CI, 0.31-0.80) in HRD-positive BRCA-wild-type tumors, and 1.02 (95% CI, 0.74-1.40) in HRD-negative tumors. Tumors identified as HRD positive by GIScar but HRD negative by MGMC had better PFS with olaparib (HR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.07-0.72).Conclusions: GIScar is a valuable diagnostic tool, reliably detecting HRD and predicting sensitivity to olaparib for ovarian cancer. GIScar showed high analytic concordance with MGMC test and fewer inconclusive results. GIScar is easily implemented into diagnostic laboratories with a rapid turnaround.