Detalle Publicación

The impact of hypoalbuminemia on postoperative complications in patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

Autores: Llombart Blanco, Rafael; Mariscal, G. (Autor de correspondencia); Barrios, C.; Orti, J. E. D.; Llombart-Ais, R.
ISSN: 1279-7707
Volumen: 27
Número: 12
Páginas: 1248 - 1254
Fecha de publicación: 2023
ObjectivesThe objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association between hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications in patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty.MethodsThis meta-analysis study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42023442466) and adhered to the PRISMA guidelines. Studies focused on shoulder arthroplasty that compared hypoalbuminemia and normal albumin levels were included. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Collaboration database. Seven comparative studies were included, and odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval were calculated for the dichotomous variables. A fixed-effect model was used when there was no statistical evidence of heterogeneity, and a random-effect model was used when significant heterogeneity was observed. Review Manager 5.4 software was used for data analysis.ResultsThe meta-analysis included a total of 20,290 patients from seven studies. Hypoalbuminemia was significantly associated with a higher risk of readmissions (OR 2.92, 95%CI 1.74 to 4.91), reoperations (OR 3.23, 95%CI 1.98 to 5.27), an increase in hospital stay duration (MD 1.59, 95%CI 0.86 to 2.32), and complications such as death (OR 5.75, 95% CI 2.98 to 11.08; studies = 4), thromboembolic events (OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.46 to 4.06; studies = 4), cardiac events (OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.07 to 7.24; studies = 3), pulmonary infections (OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.54 to 6.20; studies = 3), systemic infections (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.51 to 3.16; studies = 3), and transfusions (OR 3.16, 95% CI 2.23 to 4.48; studies = 2). However, there was no significant association between hypoalbuminemia and renal complications, surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, wound problems, or cardiovascular events.ConclusionThis meta-analysis provides strong evidence that hypoalbuminemia is associated with a higher risk of postoperative complications in patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty.