Detalle Publicación

Laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy: Long term oncologic outcomes from the international PSOGI registry

Autores: Arjona-Sanchez, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Aziz, O.; Passot, G.; Salti, G.; Serrano, A.; Esquivel, J.; van der Speeten, K.; Sommariva, A.; Kazi, M.; Shariff, U.; Martínez Regueira, Fernando; Piso, P.; Yonemura, Y.; Turaga, K.; Sgarbura, O.; Saklani, A. A.; Tonello, M.; Rodriguez-Ortiz, L.; Vazquez-Borrego, M. C.; Romero-Ruiz, A.; Glehen, O.
Título de la revista: EJSO
ISSN: 0748-7983
Volumen: 49
Número: 10
Páginas: 107001
Fecha de publicación: 2023
The laparoscopic approach for cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (L-CRS + HIPEC) in highly selected patients was previously reported from the PSOGI registry with a demonstrable reduction in length of stay and post-operative morbidity. This study aims to update this international PSOGI registry with a larger cohort of patients and a longer follow-up period. Methods: An international registry was designed through a networking database (REDCAP & REG;). All centers performing L-CRS + HIPEC were invited through PSOGI to submit data on their cases. Variables such as demographics, clinical outcomes, and survival were analyzed. Results: A total of 315 L-CRS + HIPEC cases were provided by 14 worldwide centers. A total of 215 patients were included in the L-CRS + HIPEC group. The median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 3 (3-5). The median length of stay was 7 days (5-10) and the major morbidity (Clavien-Dindo & GE;3) was 6.1% after 30 days. The 5 year disease-free survival (DFS) per tumor origin was: 94% for PMP-LG, 85% for PMP-HG, 100% for benign multicyst peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM), 37.4% for colonic origin, and 54%(at 3 years) for ovarian origin. The 5 years overall survival (OS) per tumor origin was: 100% for PMP-LG, PMP-HG and MPM; 61% for colonic origin, and 74% (at 3 years) for ovarian origin. In addition, a total of 85 patients were analyzed in the laparoscopic risk-reducing HIPEC (L-RR + HIPEC). The median length of stay was 5 days (4-6) and the major morbidity was 6% after 30 days. The 5-year DFS per tumor origin was: 96% for perforated low grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN II) and 68.1% for colon origin. The 5 years OS per tumor origin was: 98% for LAMN II and 83.5% for colonic origin. Conclusions: Minimally invasive CRS + HIPEC is a safe procedure for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis in specialized centers. It improves perioperative results while providing satisfactory oncologic outcomes. L-RR + HIPEC represents a promising strategy that could be evaluated in patients with high risk of developing peritoneal carcinomatosis into prospective randomized trials.