Detalle Publicación

Biomarkers of collagen metabolism are associated with left ventricular function and prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy: A multi-modal study

Autores: Raafs, A. G. (Autor de correspondencia); Adriaans, B. P.; Henkens, M. T. H. M.; Verdonschot, J. A. J.; Hamid, M. A. A.; Diez García, Javier; Knackstedt, C.; van Empel, V. P. M.; Rocca, H. P. B. L.; González Miqueo, Aránzazu; Wildberger, J. E.; Heymans, S. R. B.; Hazebroek, M. R.
ISSN: 2077-0383
Volumen: 12
Número: 17
Páginas: 5695
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Background: Collagen cross-linking is a fundamental process in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and occurs when collagen deposition exceeds degradation, leading to impaired prognosis. This study investigated the associations of collagen-metabolism biomarkers with left ventricular function and prognosis in DCM. Methods: DCM patients who underwent endomyocardial biopsy, blood sampling, and cardiac MRI were included. The primary endpoint included death, heart failure hospitalization, or life-threatening arrhythmias, with a follow-up of 6 years (5-8). Results: In total, 209 DCM patients were included (aged 54 & PLUSMN; 13 years, 65% male). No associations were observed between collagen volume fraction, circulating carboxy-terminal propeptide of procollagen type-I (PICP), or collagen type I carboxy-terminal telopeptide [CITP] and matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-1 ratio and cardiac function parameters. However, CITP:MMP-1 was significantly correlated with global longitudinal strain (GLS) in the total study sample (R = -0.40, p < 0.0001; lower CITP:MMP-1 ratio was associated with impaired GLS), with even stronger correlations in patients with LVEF > 40% (R = -0.70, p < 0.0001). Forty-seven (22%) patients reached the primary endpoint. Higher MMP-1 levels were associated with a worse outcome, even after adjustment for clinical and imaging predictors (1.026, 95% CI 1.002-1.051, p = 0.037), but CITP and CITP:MMP-1 were not. Combining MMP-1 and PICP improved the goodness-of-fit (LHR36.67, p = 0.004). Conclusion: The degree of myocardial cross-linking (CITP:MMP-1) is associated with myocardial longitudinal contraction, and MMP-1 is an independent predictor of outcome in DCM patients.