Detalle Publicación

Midterm outcomes of kidney transplantation from expanded criteria donors after circulatory death: a single-center retrospective cohort study

Autores: Salguero, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Chamorro, L.; Gomez-Gomez, E.; Robles García, José Enrique; Pablo Campos, J.
Título de la revista: EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL TRANSPLANTATION
ISSN: 1304-0855
Volumen: 21
Número: 6
Páginas: 481 - 486
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Resumen:
Objectives: Kidney transplant is the optimal treatment for end-stage renal disease; however, due to the imbalance between demand and supply, several strategies have been implemented to increase the donor pool. To increase the number of donors, expanded criteria donors after circulatory death have been explored as an acceptable graft source. In this study, we compared graft survival, estimated glomerular filtration rate at 3 and 5 years, and the incidence of delayed graft function between standard and expanded criteria donors after brain death and between standard and expanded criteria donors after circulatory death. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2019, at Reina Sofia University Hospital. Variables related to the donor, recipient, and transplant procedure were analyzed, and univariate and multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses were performed. Results: Our study included 308 deceased donor kidneys. The kidneys from standard criteria brain dead donors had higher estimated glomerular filtration rate than the other groups (P <.03). However, no significant differences in estimated glomerular filtration rate were observed among the suboptimal groups (expanded criteria and standard criteria donors after brain death and expanded criteria donors after circulatory death). The incidence of delayed graft function was significantly higher in expanded criteria donors after circulatory death than in the other groups (odds ratio = 6.9; 95% CI, 2.22-21.71; P <.001). Nevertheless, we found no significant differences in death-censored graft loss among the groups. Conclusions: Kidney transplants from expanded criteria donors and donors after cardiac death are comparable, even when both criteria are combined. The use of expanded criteria donor kidneys after cardiac death is therefore a suitable approach to expand the donor pool, despite the higher risk of delayed graft function, as there were no significant differences in death-censored graft loss.
Impacto: