Detalle Publicación

Mutagenicity and genotoxicity assessment of the emerging mycotoxin Versicolorin A, an Aflatoxin B1 precursor

Autores: Al-Ayoubi, C.; Alonso Jauregui, María; Azqueta Oscoz, Amaya; Vignard, J.; Mirey, G.; Rocher, O.; Puel, O.; Oswald, I. P.; Vettorazzi Armental, Ariane; Soler, L. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
ISSN: 0269-7491
Volumen: 335
Páginas: 122276
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Resumen:
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most potent natural carcinogen among mycotoxins. Versicolorin A (VerA) is a precursor of AFB1 biosynthesis and is structurally related to the latter. Although VerA has already been identified as a genotoxin, data on the toxicity of VerA are still scarce, especially at low concentrations. The SOS/umu and miniaturised version of the Ames test in Salmonella Typhimurium strains used in the present study shows that VerA induces point mutations. This effect, like AFB1, depends primarily on metabolic activation of VerA. VerA also induced chromosomal damage in metabolically competent intestinal cells (IPEC-1) detected by the micronucleus assay. Furthermore, results from the standard and enzyme-modified comet assay confirmed the VerAmediated DNA damage, and we observed that DNA repair pathways were activated upon exposure to VerA, as indicated by the phosphorylation and/or relocation of relevant DNA-repair biomarkers (& gamma;H2AX and 53BP1/ FANCD2, respectively). In conclusion, VerA induces DNA damage without affecting cell viability at concentrations as low as 0.03 & mu;M, highlighting the danger associated with VerA exposure and calling for more research on the carcinogenicity of this emerging food contaminant.