Detalle Publicación

Seasonal precipitation and continentality drive bimodal growth in Mediterranean forests

Autores: Valeriano, C.; Gutiérrez, E.; Colangelo, M.; Gazol Burgos, Antonio; Sánchez-Salguero, R.; Tumajer, J.; Shisov, V.; Bonet, J.A.; Martínez de Aragón, J.; Ibáñez Gastón, Ricardo; Valerio Galán, Mercedes; Camarero, J.J. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: DENDROCHRONOLOGIA
ISSN: 1125-7865
Volumen: 78
Páginas: 126057
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Tree phenology is sensitive to climate warming and changes in seasonal precipitation. Long xylogenesis records are scarce, thus limiting our ability to analyse how radial growth responds to climate variability. Alternatively, process-based growth models can be used to simulate intra-annual growth dynamics and to better understand why growth bimodality varies along temperature and precipitation gradients. We used the Vaganov-Shashkin (VS) growth model to analyse the main climatic drivers of growth bimodality in eight trees and shrubs conifers (four pines and four junipers) across Spain. We selected eleven sites with different continentality degree and spring/autumn precipitation ratios since we expected to find pronounced bimodal growth in less continental sites with spring and autumn precipitation peaks. The VS model successfully simulated annual growth rates at all sites as a function of daily temperature and soil moisture data. Bimodal growth patterns clustered into less continental sites showing low spring/autumn precipitation ratios. This finding agrees with observed climate-growth associations showing that growth was enhanced by wet-cool winter-to-spring conditions, but also by wet autumn conditions in the most bimodal sites. We observed a stronger growth bimodality in pines compared to junipers.