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Performance evaluation of a preclinical SPECT/CT system for multi-animal and multi-isotope quantitative experiments

Título de la revista: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN: 2045-2322
Volumen: 12
Número: 1
Páginas: 18161
Fecha de publicación: 2022
The aim was to study the performance of the U-SPECT6/CT E-class system for preclinical imaging, to later demonstrate the viability of simultaneous multi-animal and multi-isotope imaging with reliable quantitative accuracy. The performance of the SPECT was evaluated for two collimators dedicated for mouse (UHS-M) and rat imaging (UHR-RM) in terms of sensitivity, energy resolution, uniformity and spatial resolution. Point sources, hot-rod and uniform phantoms were scanned, and additional tests were carried out to evaluate singular settings such as simultaneous multi-isotope acquisition and imaging with a multi-bed system. For in-vivo evaluation, simultaneous triple-isotope and multi-animal studies were performed on mice. Sensitivity for Tc-99m was 2370 cps/MBq for the UHS-M collimator and 493 cps/MBq for the UHR-RM. Rods of 0.6 mm and 0.9 mm were discernible with the UHS-M and UHR-RM collimators respectively, with optimized reconstruction. Uniformity in low counting conditions has proven to be poor (> 75%). Multi-isotope and multi-bed phantom acquisitions demonstrated accurate quantification. In mice, simultaneous multi-isotope imaging provided the separate distribution of 3 tracers and image quality of the multi-mouse bone scan was adequate. The U-SPECT6/CT E-class has shown good sensitivity and spatial resolution. This system provides quantitative images with suitable image quality for multi-mouse and multi-isotope acquisitions.