Detalle Publicación

Growing Heart Failure Burden of Hypertensive Heart Disease: A Call to Action

Título de la revista: HYPERTENSION
ISSN: 0194-911X
Volumen: 80
Número: 1
Páginas: 13 - 21
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Hypertensive heart disease (HHD) is currently the second leading cause of heart failure. The prevalence of HHD and its associated risk of heart failure have increased despite substantial improvement in arterial hypertension treatment and control in the recent decades. Therefore, the prevention of heart failure in patients with HHD represents an unmet medical need, due to its clinical, economic, and social impact. In this conceptual framework, we call to action because the time has come for diagnosis and treatment of patients with HHD not to be limited to assessment of morphological and functional left ventricular changes, blood pressure control, and left ventricular hypertrophy regression. We propose a further perspective incorporating also the detection and reversal of the histological changes that develop in the hypertensive heart and that lead to the structural remodeling of the myocardium. In particular, we focus on the diagnosis and treatment of myocardial interstitial fibrosis, likely the lesion most critically involved in the transition from subclinical HHD to clinically overt heart failure. In this context, it is worth considering whether the use of imaging and circulating biomarkers for the noninvasive diagnosis of myocardial interstitial fibrosis should be incorporated in the medical study of hypertensive patients, especially of those with HHD.