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Overall survival (OS) at 7-year (y) follow-up (f/u) in patients (pts) with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer (OC) and a BRCA mutation (BRCAm) who received maintenance olaparib in the SOLO1/GOG-3004 trial

Autores: DiSilvestro, P.; Banerjee, S.; Colombo, N.; Scambia, G.; Kim, B. G.; Oaknin, A.; Friedlander, M. L.; Lisyanskaya, A. S.; Floquet, A.; Leary, A.; Sonke, G. S.; Gourley, C.; Oza, A. M.; González Martín, Antonio; Aghajanian, C.; Bradley, W. H.; Mathews, C.; McNamara, J.; Lowe, E.; Moore, K. N.
Título de la revista: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY
ISSN: 0923-7534
Volumen: 33
Número: SUPPL 7
Páginas: S779
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Background In the Phase III SOLO1/GOG-3004 trial (NCT01844986), maintenance olaparib provided sustained benefit beyond the end of treatment in pts with newly diagnosed advanced OC and a BRCAm. At 5-y f/u, median progression-free survival was 56.0 months [m] with olaparib vs 13.8m with placebo (pbo) (HR 0.33; 95% CI 0.25¿0.43); 48% vs 21% of pts, respectively, were progression-free (KM estimates) (Banerjee et al. Lancet Oncol 2021). Given that most OC deaths occur 5¿10y after diagnosis, we report OS in SOLO1 at 7-y f/u, a clinically relevant timepoint. Methods Pts who were in response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy received maintenance olaparib tablets 300 mg bid or pbo for up to 2y or until progression. A descriptive analysis of OS, a secondary endpoint, was performed 7y after the last pt was randomized; prespecified final analysis of OS is planned at 60% data maturity. Results 260 pts were randomized to olaparib and 131 to pbo (median treatment duration 24.6 vs 13.9m, respectively). At OS data maturity of 38.1% (data cut-off 7 Mar 2022), median OS was not reached in olaparib pts vs 75.2m in pbo pts, with an OS HR of 0.55 (95% CI 0.40¿0.76; unadjusted for crossover; 44.3% of pbo pts received a PARP inhibitor in a subsequent line of therapy) (Table). At 7y, 45.3% of olaparib pts vs 20.6% of pbo pts were alive and had still not received a first subsequent treatment (KM estimates). The incidence of MDS/AML remained low and new primary malignancies remained balanced between arms (Table: 517O). Conclusions 2y of maintenance olaparib provided a clinically meaningful improvement in OS over pbo in pts with newly diagnosed advanced OC and a BRCAm. At 7y, 67.0% of olaparib pts vs 46.5% of pbo pts were alive; no new safety signals were detected. These data provide the longest f/u for any PARP inhibitor in this setting and support use of maintenance olaparib to achieve long-term remission and enhance the potential for cure. Clinical trial identification NCT01844986.