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Extracellular vesicles may predict response to radioembolization and sorafenib treatment in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: an exploratory analysis from the SORAMIC trial

Autores: Shuen, T. W. H.; Alunni-Fabbroni, M.; Ocal, E.; Malfertheiner, P.; Wildgruber, M.; Schinner, R.; Pech, M.; Benckert, J.; Sangro Gómez-Acebo, Bruno Carlos; Kuhl, C.; Gasbarrini, A.; Chow, P. K. H.; Toh, H. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Ricke, J. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN: 1078-0432
Volumen: 28
Número: 17
Páginas: 3890 - 3901
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Purpose: SORAMIC is a randomized controlled trial in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing sorafenib +/- selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). We investigated the value of extracellular vesicle (EV)-based proteomics for treatment response prediction. Experimental Design: The analysis population comprised 25 patients receiving SIRT+sorafenib and 20 patients receiving sorafenib alone. Patients were classified as responders or nonresponders based on changes in AFP and imaging or overall survival. Proteomic analysis was performed on plasma EVs by LC/MS, followed by bioinformatics analysis. Clinical relevance of candidate EV proteins was validated by survival and receiver-operating characteristic analysis with bootstrap internal sampling validation. Origin of circulating EV was explored by IHC staining of liver and tumor tissues and transcriptomics of blood cells. Results: Proteomic analysis identified 56 and 27 EV proteins that were differentially expressed in plasma EVs between responders and nonresponders receiving SIRT+sorafenib and sorafenib alone, respectively. High EV-GPX3/ACTR3 and low EV-ARHGAP 1 were identified as candidate biomarkers at base-line from the 13 responders to SIRT+sorafenib with statistically significant AUC = 1 for all and bootstrap P values 2.23 x 10(-5), 2.22 x 10(-5), and 2.23 x 10(-5), respectively. These patients showed reduced abundance of EV-VPS13A and EV-KALRN 6 to 9 weeks after combined treatment with significant AUC and bootstrap P values. In reverse, low GPX3 and high ARHGAP1 demonstrated better response to sorafenib monotherapy with AUC = 0.9697 and 0.9192 as well as bootstrap P values 8.34 x 10(-5) and 7.98 x 10(-4), respectively. HCC tumor was the likely origin of circulating EVs. Conclusions: In this exploratory study, EV-based proteomics predicted response to SIRT+sorafenib and sorafenib-only treatment in patients with advanced HCC of metabolic origin.