Detalle Publicación

Silencing of histone deacetylase 6 decreases cellular malignancy and contributes to primary cilium restoration, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition reversion, and autophagy inhibition in glioblastoma cell lines

Autores: Urdiciain Ezpeleta, Alejandro; Erausquin, E.; Zelaya, M. V.; Zazpe, I.; Lanciego Pérez, José Luis; Meléndez, B.; Rey, J. A.; Idoate Gastearena, Miguel Ángel; Riobo-Del Galdo, N. A.; Sáez Castresana, Javier (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: BIOLOGY
ISSN: 2079-7737
Volumen: 10
Número: 6
Páginas: 467
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Simple Summary Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common as well as the most aggressive malignant brain tumor, with an overall survival of almost 15 months. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), an enzyme related to the deacetylation of alpha-tubulin, is overexpressed in GBM. The aim of our research was to study the effects of HDAC6 silencing in GBM cells. We first confirmed the overexpression of HDAC6 in GBM tissue (n = 40) against control brain (n = 10). Treatment with siHDAC6 diminished viability, clonogenic potential, and migration ability in GBM-derived cell lines. HDAC6 inhibition also reverted the mesenchymal phenotype, inhibited the Sonic Hedgehog pathway, restored primary cilium structure, and decreased autophagy. Thus, we confirm that HDAC6 is a good therapeutic target for GBM treatment. Glioblastoma multiforme, the most common type of malignant brain tumor as well as the most aggressive one, lacks an effective therapy. Glioblastoma presents overexpression of mesenchymal markers Snail, Slug, and N-Cadherin and of the autophagic marker p62. Glioblastoma cell lines also present increased autophagy, overexpression of mesenchymal markers, Shh pathway activation, and lack of primary cilia. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of HDAC6 in the pathogenesis of glioblastoma, as HDAC6 is the most overexpressed of all HDACs isoforms in this tumor.