Detalle Publicación

Presence of invasive alien species (IAS) in impounded waters of Navarre (Spain) using multi-mesh gillnets

ISSN: 2673-9976
Volumen: 13
Número: 1
Páginas: 62
Fecha de publicación: 2022
The introduction of invasive alien species (IAS) is a severe problem in ecosystems worldwide, heavily impacting biodiversity and especially endemic species. This situation is especially worrying in the Iberian Peninsula, since Spain and Portugal¿s rivers and lakes host an outstanding richness of endemic freshwater species. Ignorance about IAS presence and distribution is a serious problem that hampers its management. Regarding invasive fish species, difficulties in sampling and studying the ichthyofauna of lentic and deep waters, where many IAS inhabit, comprise some of the reasons for this lack of knowledge. In this study, we sampled the fish community of ten impounded waters in Navarre (Ebro River Basin, Spain) using multi-mesh gillnets. Four sampling points were dams located in rivers, and the remaining points were ponds. One of these ponds had a direct connection with a water channel, and another was found in a flood plain, so it connects with a nearby river in floods. The remaining ponds did not have a direct connection to any major river. A total of 14 fish species were detected (9 of which were IAS (64.3%)), with 3383 specimens collected (56% IAS). Only one of the analyzed dams did not contain IAS. Numerically, the most abundant fish was the exotic bleak (Alburnus alburnus) (almost 44% of the captures), followed by the native Ebro nase (Parachondrostoma miegii) (23.4%).