Detalle Publicación

How can we improve vaccination response in old people? Part I: targeting immunosenescence of innate immunity cells

Autores: Aiello, A.; Ligotti, M. E.; Garnica, M.; Accardi, G.; Calabro, A.; Pojero, F.; Arasanz, H.; Bocanegra, A.; Blanco Palmeiro, Ester; Chocarro, L.; Echaide, M.; Fernández-Rubio, L.; Ramos Ardanáz, Pablo; Pineiro-Hermida, S. (Autor de correspondencia); Kochan, G.; Zareian, N.; Farzaneh, F.; Escors, D.; Caruso, C. (Autor de correspondencia); Candore, G.
ISSN: 1422-0067
Volumen: 23
Número: 17
Páginas: 9880
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Vaccination, being able to prevent millions of cases of infectious diseases around the world every year, is the most effective medical intervention ever introduced. However, immunosenescence makes vaccines less effective in providing protection to older people. Although most studies explain that this is mainly due to the immunosenescence of T and B cells, the immunosenescence of innate immunity can also be a significant contributing factor. Alterations in function, number, subset, and distribution of blood neutrophils, monocytes, and natural killer and dendritic cells are detected in aging, thus potentially reducing the efficacy of vaccines in older individuals. In this paper, we focus on the immunosenescence of the innate blood immune cells. We discuss possible strategies to counteract the immunosenescence of innate immunity in order to improve the response to vaccination. In particular, we focus on advances in understanding the role and the development of new adjuvants, such as TLR agonists, considered a promising strategy to increase vaccination efficiency in older individuals.