Detalle Publicación

SEA 2022 standards for global control of cardiovascular risk

Autores: Mostaza, J. M. (Autor de correspondencia); Pinto, X.; Armario, P.; Masana, L.; Real, J. T.; Valdivielso, P.; Arrobas-Velilla, T.; Baeza-Trinidad, R.; Calmarza, P.; Cebollada, J.; Civera-Andrés, M.; Cuende Melero, J. I.; Díaz-Díaz, J. L.; Pardo, J. F.; Guijarro, C.; Jerico, C.; Laclaustra, M.; Lahoz, C.; López-Miranda, J.; Martínez-Hervás, S.; Muniz-Grijalvo, O.; Páramo Fernández, José Antonio; Pascual, V.; Pedro-Botet, J.; Pérez-Martínez, P.; Plana, N.; Puzo, J.; Sánchez Chaparro, M. A.; Vila, L.
ISSN: 0214-9168
Volumen: 34
Número: 3
Páginas: 130 - 179
Fecha de publicación: 2022
One of the objectives of the Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis is to contribute to better knowledge of vascular disease, its prevention and treatment. It is well known that cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in our country and entail a high degree of disability and health care costs. Arteriosclerosis is a multifactorial disease and therefore its prevention requires a global approach that takes into account the different risk factors with which it is associated. Therefore, this document summarizes the current level of knowledge and includes recommendations and procedures to be followed in patients with established cardiovascular disease or at high vascular risk. Specifically, this document reviews the main symptoms and signs to be evaluated during the clinical visit, the laboratory and imaging procedures to be routinely requested or requested for those in special situations. It also includes vascular risk estimation, the diagnostic criteria of the different entities that are cardiovascular risk factors, and makes general and specific recommendations for the treatment of the different cardiovascular risk factors and their final objectives. Finally, the document includes aspects that are not usually referenced in the literature, such as the organization of a vascular risk consultation.