Detalle Publicación

Hip preservation surgery in osteoarthritis prevention: potential benefits of the radiographic angular correction

Autores: Lamo de Espinosa Vázquez de Sola, José María (Autor de correspondencia); Alfonso, A.; Pascual, E.; García-Ausín, J.; Sánchez-Gordoa, M.; Blanco, A.; Gómez Alvarez, Jorge; San Julián Aranguren, Miguel
Título de la revista: DIAGNOSTICS
ISSN: 2075-4418
Volumen: 12
Número: 5
Páginas: 1128
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Objective: The aim of the study is to describe the morphology associated with the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in three different age groups. These data will contribute to defining the morphology associated with early and late hip OA. Methods: We studied 400 hips in 377 patients who had undergone primary THA due to idiopathic OA. Three groups were compared: group 1 (n = 147), younger patients, aged up to 60 years; group 2 (n = 155), patients aged between 61 and 74 years; and group 3 (n = 98), aged 75 or over. Five independent researchers measured the hip angles and the mean values were used to build a database. Results: No differences between groups in sex distribution and BMI were detected. Less coverage of the head (extrusion index), higher Tonnis angle, lower Wiberg and alpha angles characterized early OA hips. These differences increased with age, being greater between group 2 and group 3 (p < 0.01). However, significant differences were still present in the comparison between group 1 and group 2 (p < 0.01)). No differences were detected between group 2 and group 3. Conclusion: Elevated acetabular angle, head extrusion and decreased Wiberg angle characterize hip osteoarthritis at younger ages and should be the focus of hip preservation surgery in terms of osteoarthritis prevention. Pincer-type FAI (higher Wiberg and lower Tonnis angle) and higher alpha angle (CAM) are correlated with the development of later OA. These results shed doubt on applying the hip preservation surgery concept in terms of osteoarthritis prevention in FAI, especially in Pincer-type FAI patients.