Detalle Publicación

Efficacy of maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab according to clinical risk in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer in the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial

Autores: Harter, P. (Autor de correspondencia); Mouret-Reynier, M. A.; Pignata, S.; Cropet, C.; González Martín, Antonio; Bogner, G.; Fujiwara, K.; Vergote, I.; Colombo, N.; Nottrup, T. J.; Floquet, A.; El-Balat, A.; Scambia, G.; Guerra Alia, E. M.; Fabbro, M.; Schmalfeldt, B.; Hardy-Bessard, A. C.; Runnebaum, I.; Pujade-Lauraine, E.; Ray-Coquard, I.
Título de la revista: GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY
ISSN: 0090-8258
Volumen: 164
Número: 2
Páginas: 254 - 264
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Objectives. Adding maintenance olaparib to bevacizumab provided a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer in the randomized, double-blind PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial (NCT02477644). We analyzed PFS by clinical risk and biomarker status. Methods. Patients received olaparib 300 mg twice daily for up to 24 months plus bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks for up to 15 months in total, or placebo plus bevacizumab. This post hoc exploratory analysis evaluated PFS in patients classified as higher risk (stage III with upfront surgery and residual disease or neoadjuvant chemotherapy; stage IV) or lower risk (stage III with upfront surgery and no residual disease), and by biomarker status. Results. Of 806 randomized patients, 74% were higher risk and 26% were lower risk. After a median 22.9 months of follow-up, PFS favored olaparib plus bevacizumab versus placebo plus bevacizumab in higher risk patients (hazard ratio [HR] 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49-0.74) and lower-risk patients (0.46; 0.30-0.72). Olaparib plus bevacizumab provided a substantial PFS benefit versus bevacizumab alone in the homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive subgroup (higher risk: HR 0.39; 95% CI 0.28-0.54 and lower risk: 0.15; 0.07-0.30), with 24-month PFS rates in lower-risk patients of 90% versus 43%, respectively (Kaplan-Meier estimates). Conclusions. In PAOLA-1, maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab provided a substantial PFS benefit in HRDpositive patients with a reduction of risk of progression or death of 61% in the higher-risk group and of 85% in the lower-risk group compared with bevacizumab alone.