Detalle Publicación

Inter-individual variability in the production of flavan-3-ol colonic metabolites: preliminary elucidation of putative urinary metabotypes

Autores: Mena, P. (Autor de correspondencia); Ludwig Sanz Orrio, Iziar Amaia; Tomatis, V. B.; Acharjee, A.; Calani, L.; Rosi, A.; Brighenti, F.; Ray, S.; Griffin, J. L.; Bluck, L. C.; del Rio, D. (Autor de correspondencia)
ISSN: 1436-6207
Volumen: 58
Número: 4
Páginas: 1529 - 1543
Fecha de publicación: 2019
PurposeThere is much information on the bioavailability of (poly)phenolic compounds following acute intake of various foods. However, there are only limited data on the effects of repeated and combined exposure to specific (poly)phenol food sources and the inter-individual variability in their bioavailability. This study evaluated the combined urinary excretion of (poly)phenols from green tea and coffee following daily consumption by healthy subjects in free-living conditions. The inter-individual variability in the production of phenolic metabolites was also investigated.MethodsEleven participants consumed both tablets of green tea and green coffee bean extracts daily for 8 weeks and 24-h urine was collected on five different occasions. The urinary profile of phenolic metabolites and a set of multivariate statistical tests were used to investigate the putative existence of characteristic metabotypes in the production of flavan-3-ol microbial metabolites.Results(Poly)phenolic compounds in the green tea and green coffee bean extracts were absorbed and excreted after simultaneous consumption, with green tea resulting in more inter-individual variability in urinary excretion of phenolic metabolites. Three metabotypes in the production of flavan-3-ol microbial metabolites were tentatively defined, characterized by the excretion of different amounts of trihydroxyphenyl--valerolactones, dihydroxyphenyl--valerolactones, and hydroxyphenylpropionic acids.ConclusionsThe selective ...