Detalle Publicación

Characterization of atrial fibrillation in real-world patients: testing the 4S-AF scheme in the Spanish and French cohorts of the EORP-AF Long-Term General Registry

Autores: Rivera-Caravaca, J. M.; Piot, O.; Roldán-Rabadán, I.; Denis, A.; Anguita, M.; Mansourati, J.; Pérez-Cabeza, A.; Marijon, E.; García-Seara, J.; Leclercq, C.; García Bolao, José Ignacio; Lellouche, N.; Potpara, T.; Boriani, G.; Fauchier, L.; Lip, G. Y. H. (Autor de correspondencia); Marin, F. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: EUROPACE
ISSN: 1099-5129
Volumen: 24
Número: 2
Páginas: 202 - 210
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Aims The 4S-AF scheme [Stroke risk, Symptom severity, Severity of atrial fibrillation (AF) burden, Substrate severity] has recently been described as a novel approach to in-depth characterization of AF. We aim to determine if the 4S-AF scheme would be useful for AF characterization and provides prognostic information in real-world AF patients. Methods and results The Spanish and French cohorts of the EORP-AF Long-Term General Registry were included. The baseline 4S-AF scheme was calculated and related to the primary management strategy (rhythm or rate control). Follow-up was performed at 1-year with all-cause mortality and the composite of ischaemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack/systemic embolism, major bleeding, and all-cause death, as primary endpoints. A total of 1479 patients [36.9% females, median age 72 interquartile range (IQR 64-80) years] were included. The median 4S-AF scheme score was 5 (IQR 4-7). The 4S-AF scheme, as continuous and as categorical, was associated with the management strategy decided for the patient (both P < 0.001). The predictive performances of the 4S-AF scheme for the actual management strategy were appropriate in its continuous [c-index 0.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.75-0.80] and categorical (c-index 0.75, 95% CI 0.72-0.78) forms. Cox regression analyses showed that 'red category' classified patients in the 4S-AF scheme had a higher risk of all-cause death (aHR 1.75, 95% CI 1.02-2.99) and composite outcomes (aHR 1.60, 95% CI 1.05-2.44). Conclusion Characterization of AF by using the 4S-AF scheme may aid in identifying AF patients that would be managed by rhythm or rate control and could also help in identifying high-risk AF patients for worse clinical outcomes in a 'real-world' setting.