Detalle Publicación

Environmental drivers of the seasonal exposure to airborne Alternaria spores in Spain

Autores: Picornell, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Rojo, J.; Trigo, M. M.; Ruiz-Mata, R.; Lara, B.; Romero-Morte, J.; Serrano-García, A.; Pérez-Badía, R.; Gutiérrez-Bustillo, M.; Cervigón-Morales, P.; Ferencova, Z.; Morales-González, J.; Sánchez-Reyes, E.; Fuentes-Antón, S.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Dávila, I.; Oteros, J.; Martínez-Bracero, M.; Galán, C.; García-Mozo, H.; Alcázar, P.; Fernández, S.; González Alonso, Mónica María; Robles Domínguez, Estrella; Pérez de Zabalza Madoz, Ana Isabel; Ariño Plana, Arturo; Recio, M.
ISSN: 0048-9697
Volumen: 823
Páginas: 153596
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Alternaria conidia have high allergenic potential and they can trigger important respiratory diseases. Due to that and to their extensive detection period, airborne Alternaria spores are considered as a relevant airborne allergenic particle. Several studies have been developed in order to predict the human exposure to this aeroallergen and to prevent their negative effects on sensitive population. These studies revealed that some sampling locations usually have just one single Alternaria spore season while other locations generally have two seasons within the same year. However, the reasons of these two different seasonal patterns remain unclear. To understand them better, the present study was carried out in order to determine if there are any weather conditions that influence these different behaviours at different sampling locations. With this purpose, the airborne Alternaria spore concentrations of 18 sampling locations in a wide range of latitudinal, altitudinal and climate ranges of Spain were studied. The aerobiological samples were obtained by means of Hirst-Type volumetric pollen traps, and the seasonality of the airborne Alternaria spores were analysed. The optimal weather conditions for spore production were studied, and the main weather factor affectthat the temperature was the most relevant variable for the Alternaria spore dispersion and it influenced both the summer when the temperatures are extremely warm, what splits the favourable period for Alternaria spore production and dispersion into two separate ones, detected as two Alternaria spore seasons within the same year.