Detalle Publicación

Predicting climatic threats to an endangered freshwater mussel in Europe: the need to account for fish hosts

Autores: da Silva, J. P. (Autor de correspondencia); Goncalves, D. V.; Lopes-Lima, M.; Anastacio, P. M.; Banha, F.; Frimpong, E.; Gama, M.; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Reis, J.; Filipe, A. F.; Sousa, R.
Título de la revista: FRESHWATER BIOLOGY
ISSN: 0046-5070
Volumen: 67
Número: 5
Páginas: 842 - 856
Fecha de publicación: 2022
The freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera has been suffering major population declines in Europe. This endangered species is a host specialist and exclusively requires salmonid species (Salmo trutta and Salmo salar) to complete its life cycle. In theory, obligatory biotic interactions should deserve special conservation attention, because the loss or massive decline of fish hosts may elicit the extirpation of their affiliated species. While many threats disturbing M. margaritifera are similarly affecting salmonids, climate change is particularly alarming, with the potential to significantly change the fish-mussel dynamics. To evaluate the importance of including the occurrence of fish hosts for predicting the distribution of M. margaritifera in Europe, three datasets were used to build species distribution models (SDMs) with a maximum entropy (MaxEnt) approach: (1) environmental variables (ENV); (2) probability of fish hosts occurrence (FH); and (3) environmental variables and probability of fish hosts occurrence (ENV + FH). We identified the environmental variables that better explain M. margaritifera distribution and modelled its current and future distribution under a suite of climate change scenarios. Furthermore, projections were used to evaluate the adequacy of current networks of European protected areas in covering the suitable habitats for M. margaritifera.