Detalle Publicación

Fatty acid profile, sterols, and squalene content comparison between two conventional (olive oil and linseed oil) and three non-conventional vegetable oils (echium oil, hempseed oil, and moringa oil)

Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE
ISSN: 0022-1147
Volumen: 87
Número: 4
Páginas: 1489 - 1499
Fecha de publicación: 2022
New sources of bioactive compounds are constantly explored for reformulating healthier foods. This work aimed to explore and characterize the fatty acid profile and sterol content of three non-conventional oils used in functional food products (hempseed oil, moringa oil, and echium oil) and to compare them with two conventional ones (extra virgin olive oil [EVOO] and linseed oil). Oxidative stability was assessed by determining their acidity value and peroxide content. All oils showed adequate values for acidity and oxidation status. Echium and hempseed oils showed a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (>70%), especially omega-3 fatty acids, while moringa oil was rich in oleic acid. Echium oil, hempseed oil, and moringa oil presented higher sterol content than EVOO, but lower than that of linseed oil. Sitosterol was the most abundant sterol in all samples (97.88¿275.36 mg/100 g oil), except in echium oil, where campesterol (170.62 mg/100 g oil) was the major sterol. Squalene was only found in significant amounts in EVOO. In conclusion, non-conventional oils seem to be interesting sources of bioactive compounds and have great potential for the food industry. Practical Application: Non-conventional vegetable oils can be used as alternative sources of lipids in a variety of food products. Additionally, these oils have great potential to be included in the formulation of functional ingredients for the delivery of omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, fiber, among others.