Detalle Publicación

Fragile X mental retardation protein in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: regulating the cancer cell behavior plasticity at the leading edge

Autores: Carotti, S.; Zingariello, M.; Francesconi, M.; D'Andrea, L.; Latasa Sada, María Ujué; Colyn, L.; García Fernández de Barrena, Maite; Flammia, R. S.; Falchi, M.; Righi, D.; Pedini, G.; Pantano, F.; Bagni, C; Perrone, G.; Rana, R. A.; Ávila Zaragoza, Matías Antonio; Morini, S. (Autor de correspondencia); Zalfa, F. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: ONCOGENE
ISSN: 0950-9232
Volumen: 40
Número: 23
Páginas: 4033 - 4049
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a rare malignancy of the intrahepatic biliary tract with a very poor prognosis. Although some clinicopathological parameters can be prognostic factors for iCCA, the molecular prognostic markers and potential mechanisms of iCCA have not been well investigated. Here, we report that the Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), a RNA binding protein functionally absent in patients with the Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and also involved in several types of cancers, is overexpressed in human iCCA and its expression is significantly increased in iCCA metastatic tissues. The silencing of FMRP in metastatic iCCA cell lines affects cell migration and invasion, suggesting a role of FMRP in iCCA progression. Moreover, we show evidence that FMRP is localized at the invasive front of human iCCA neoplastic nests and in pseudopodia and invadopodia protrusions of migrating and invading iCCA cancer cells. Here FMRP binds several mRNAs encoding key proteins involved in the formation and/or function of these protrusions. In particular, we find that FMRP binds to and regulates the expression of Cortactin, a critical regulator of invadopodia formation. Altogether, our findings suggest that FMRP could promote cell invasiveness modulating membrane plasticity and invadopodia formation at the leading edges of invading iCCA cells.