Detalle Publicación

The oncolytic virus delta-24-RGD in combination with an agonistic CD40 mAb induces a durable and synergistic anti-tumor immune effect in DIPG preclinical models

Título de la revista: NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN: 1522-8517
Volumen: 23
Número: Supl. 1
Páginas: i26 - i27
Fecha de publicación: 2021
With a 2-year survival less than 20%, Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) is the principal cause of pediatric death. Despite recent advances in the current treatments, the outcome for children with DIPGs remains dismal. Since the approval of T-VEC for melanoma by the FDA, oncolytic adenoviruses have emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for brain tumors. Thus, our group launched the first world clinical trial phase I with the oncolytic adenovirus Delta-24-RGD (DNX-2401 in the clinic) for newly diagnosed DIPG (NCT03178032), which has shown safety and feasibility. Despite DNX-2401 increases the recruitment of T cells into the tumor, they usually become inactive due to the suppressive tumor microenvironment evidencing the urgent need to improve this strategy focusing on the generation of effective long-term immune responses. Therefore, we decided to combine the Delta-24-RGD with the targeting of the costimulatory molecule CD40 in two unique orthotopic immunocompetent mouse models of DIPG. The activation of the CD40 receptor, which is expressed by antigen presenting cells (APC) such as microglia, macrophages and dendritic cells, is known to increase antigen presentation and enable T-cell priming and activation. Here, we have observed that in addition to Delta-24-RGD anti-tumor effects, the stimulation of CD40 on the tumor APCs results in a remodeling of the tumor immune compartment with a more efficient T-cell tumor infiltration. Of importance, there is an increase of the survival of mice treated with the combination as compared to single treatments or non-treated mice. In addition, the combination therapy induced a complete regression of tumors in 25% of treated mice indicating the development of long-term anti-tumor immunity. We believe that these results provide a translational breakthrough in the treatment of these lethal tumors and open the door for a future innovative clinical trial.